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What is suffrage?

The right to vote

What was our country's 1st Constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

What is ratification?

Official approval

What movements influenced ideas for America's government?

The Enlightenment and The Great Awakening

What documents influenced ideas for America's government?

Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Virginia's Statute for Religious Freedom

Why did we need a new Constitution?

The Articles of Confederation didn't give the government enough power

What is a tariff?

A tax on imports or exports

How many branches are in our government and what are they?

3 - executive, judicial, legislative

What is federalism?

A sharing of power between states and national government

Who is responsible for proposing and passing laws?

Congress/Legislative branch

What is the purpose of the checks and balance system?

Keeps any branch of government from becoming too powerful

What is a veto?

Executive (president) rejection of a bill

How can the Congress reverse a President's decision?

With a 2/3 majority vote over the president's veto

How can the Judicial branch check the legislative branch?

By declaring laws unconstitutional

How can the Executive branch override a new law created by the legislative branch?

The president can veto the law

How many senators does each state get?

2

How many representatives does each state get?

Depends on the # of people in the state

Who served as the president of the Constitutional Convention?

George Washington

How did the Great Compromise combine elements of the Virginia & New Jersey Plans?

It created a bicameral/two-house legislature

When did the Constitution officially go into effect?

June 1788

What is an amendment?

An official change

A proposed amendment must have what kind of agreement/vote?

Approved by a 2/3 majority of Congress (the Senate and House of Representatives)

An amendment must be ratified by what kind of agreement/vote?

¾ of the state legislatures

What is the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 amendments of the Constitution

What rights do the Bill of Rights protect?

Citizens' rights

How did the Federalist Papers try to assure Americans about the new constitution?

It stated that the (national) government would not overpower the states

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