-Animal Domestication (pig, dog, cow, chicken)
-Pottery: cord markings, variable shapes, handle, circular. Similar to Jomon in terms of decoration.
Major center of rice cultivation in Southern China
Water-logged site: good preservation of organic materials
First concrete evidence of rice agriculture found at water-logged site.
Shifting Village Hypothesis as result of Slash&Burn Agriculture method.
Subsistence: pig bones, foxtail millets
Pottery: No pottery wheel --> Coil Method; decoration depicting elements of nature and religion, painted, englobe slip, bottom not decorated.
Large-scale Ceremonial Structure and Ritualistic features --> heavy labor.
Ceremonial Structure: Temple and Palaces --> Goddess Temple at Niuheliang site.
Ritualistic Features: piled grave mounds, stone circles.
High level of jade technology
Pottery: Wheel-made, Hard-Fired --> Thinner, more durable.
Elaborate crafts: jade and elephant ivory crafts
Extraction of tooth or grinding teeth
Cranium with hole: Taking off a part of skull to cure headache?
Yue Axe: battle axe, made of jade.
Cong: importance of after life. (???)
Know more about the burials than the culture
Jade ritual objects
Found in 1957 by Institute of Archaeology, Original purpose was to find the ruins of Xia Dynasty.
Bronze tools and vessels --> more complex, and technologically advanced than any other in Neolithic China.
Chinese Legend of "Xia Dynasty"
First Dynasty in China describes in historical chronicles.
Succeeded by Shang Dynasty
Xia evidence is iffy: since before 13th c. BC, Chinese first writing system and oracle bones didn't exist then.