AP Art History - Chapter 9 Etruscan

22 terms by starrynights620

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arch

curved structure which spans an opening

barrel vault

semi-circular structure made up of successive arches

buttress

projected support for a external wall

Chimera

monster of Greek invention with a lion's head, body and serpent's tail

Cinerary Urn

vase for ashes of a cremated person

Concave

bulges in

Convex

bulges out

Divination

process of interpreting omens

Dome

circular, octagonal, elliptical or polygonal shape which is hemispherical curvature of the roof.

Effigy

image of a dead person

Etruscans

people who inhabited central Italy, b/w 6th and 7th century BC

Fibula

clasp or safety pin used to fasten a woman's gown

Granulation

fusing of tiny meal balls to a metal surface for decoration

Groin Vault

intersection of 2 barrel vaults

Key Stone

topmost wedge which locked the arch into place

Necropolis

city of the dead

omen

occurrence believed to portend a future event, foreshadowing of the future

sarcophagus

large stone coffin usually decorated with sculpture and inscriptions

triumphal arch

freestanding arch commemorating an important event

tumulus

tomb in the form of a mound

vault

arched ceiling made of stone, brick or concrete

voussoirs

wedge shaped blocks holding the curve of the arch

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