American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence - persecuted
Battle of long island
Battle in which General Howe moved to NYC. Washington's army was defeated, and they retreated
Battle of Trenton
December 25th. Washington crosses Deleware River and takes advantage of he Hessains. Becuase they were celebrating Christmas. He takes the Hessains by suprise and its a victory for the Continental Army.
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they suprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.
The Battle of Saratoga
At this battle the British were fighting for control of the Hudson river and we stopped them, This is known as the turning point battle because the French joined an alliance with us after it.
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton
Britians Failed attempt to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies
Who mainly fought the war at sea? why?
Britain and France
because Britain thought they needed to protect their west indies colonies since the french were on the americans side
What side did the indians take?
most of the Indians took the British side
the Iroquois confederacy became split and fought against each other for the fist time
American revolutionary troops captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in 1775 and gained 50 cannons
Battle of Bunker Hill
First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands. However, the British suffered more deaths.
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
Treaty of Paris 1783
1783 Februrary 3; American delegates Franklin, Adams, John Jays; they were instructed to follow the lead of France; John Jay makes side treaty with England; Independence of the US End of Loyalist persecution; colonies still had to repay its debt to England
after the war
soldiers weren't paid and refused to leave until they were
George Washington talked them down and avoided civil war
Treaty of fort stanwix of 1784
Treaty signed by the United States and the (forced) pro-British Iroquois granting Ohio country to the Americans.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Served as a model for the Bill of Rights to the Constitution of the United States of America that included a section on total religious freedom; written by George Mason.