Kinesiology test #4

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57 terms

False

Each toe has three interphalangeal joints except for the great toe which has only two

False

During both walking and running there is a point where neither foot is touching the ground

False

The medial malleolus is an anatomical landmark located on the fibula

True

Toe flexion is movement of toes toward plantar surface of the foot.

True

Heel-strike normally occurs by landing on the heel with the foot in supination and the leg in external rotation

True

The vertebral column is composed of 24 articulating vertebrae

False

The spinous processes are located anterior with respect to the vertebral bodies

True

Functions of the abdominal muscles include assisting in spinal stabilization and respiration

False

All of the erector spinae muscles run horizontally parallel to the spinal column

True

The linea alba runs vertically from the xiphoid process through the umbilicus to the pubis and divides the rectus abdominis

True

The rectus abdominis muscle can control the tilt of the pelvis when contracting

False

The posterior portion of the trunk contains the abdominal muscles

False

Sit-ups are an excellent exercise for strengthening the erector spinae muscles

True

Muscles may shorten or lengthen in the absence of a contraction through passive movement caused by other contracting muscles

True

Concentric muscle actions are the shortening contraction of muscles against gravity or a resistance

True

Eccentric actions occur when muscles lengthen under tension to control the joints moving with gravity or a resistance.

True

The "Said" principle is applicable in every form of muscle training as well as to the systems of body

True

The specific needs of each individual must be specifically addressed when designing an exercise program

True

Many types of back pain and other physical ailments can be avoided through proper maintenance of the musculoskeletal system

False

When performing a "squat" exercise the hip is extended during the lowering phase

True

The rowing exercise is a closed kinetic chain exercise

Flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior

Which of the following is the correct order starting from the most posterior aspect of the distal lower leg/ankle and moving medially

Peroneus tertius

Which of the following muscles is included in the anterior compartment

Flexor digitorum longus

Which of the following muscles has its insertion on the base of the distal phalanx of each of the four lesser toes

Soleus

Which of the following muscles has its insertion on the posterior surface of the calcaneus

Flexor hallucis longus

Which of the following muscles can perform flexion of the great toe when concentrically contracting

Flexor hallucis longus

Which of the following muscles does not perform eversion of the foot

Peroneus tertius

Which of the following muscles does not perform plantar flexion

Extensor hallucis longus

Which of the following muscles can perform extension of the great toe when concentrically contracting

Tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus

The "Tom, Dick, and Harry" phrase refers to the?

Gastrocnemius and soleus

Triceps surae refers to the?

Both of the above choices are correct

Which of the following statements is not correct regarding the abdominal muscles?

Left sternocleidomastoid

Which of the following muscles would not be concentrically active when attempting to place the right ear on the right shoulder while lying on the left side

All of the above choices are correct

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the diaphragm muscle

Right splenius capitus

Which of the following muscles contract concentrically to cause extension of the head, right cervical rotation, and right cervical lateral flexion?

Left internal oblique abdominal and right external oblique abdominal

When performing the up portion of the sit-up with rotation to the left, which of the following muscles are utilized the most?

Cervical

The _______ vertebrae serves as a link between the thoracic spine rib cage and the head

Lumbar

The ________ vertebrae serves as a link between the pelvic girdle and the thoracic spine rib cage

Thoracic spine, rib cage, and pelvic girdle

The trunk is composed of the?

Cervical and lumbar

Nearly all movement of the spinal column takes place within the two supportive structures known as the _____ and _____?

Lordosis

Increased posterior concavity of the cervical spine is known as?

Spinous

The _______ process can be palpated on the posterior surface of the spine when it is flexed.

Spinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis

From medial to lateral the erector spinae muscles are the?

When the descent is at the same speed as gravity no muscular control is exerted

Which of the following statements is true regarding the action of the quadriceps muscle group during squatting?

The strength of the erector spinae muscles are benefited significantly through this exercise

Which of the following statements is not true regarding the "bent knee sit-up" exercise?

Triceps brachii

Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of shoulder flexion when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?

Gluteus maximus

Which of the following is not an agonist muscle of trunk extension when performing "alternating prone extension" exercise?

Quadratus lumborum

During the lifting phase of a "dead lift" exercise the agonist muscles of the wrist and hand include all of the following except?

Vastus medialis

During the lifting phase of a "dead lift" exercise the agonist muscles of the hip include all of the following except?

Serratus anterior

Which of the following muscles is not activated during an isometric abdominal exercise?

Dorsiflexion

Which of the following muscles actions is performed during the lowering phase of "hip sled" exercise?

Flexion

Which of the following actions is performed during the return phase of rowing exercise?

Squat

All of the following are open chain exercises except for?

Hip extensors

The squat and dead lift are similar in that they both strenghthen the?

Eccentric contractions during the return to starting phase

The abdominal curl-up strengthens the abdominal muscles through?

Concentrically during the lifting phase

In the alternating prone extension exercise the hip extensors contract _______?

Erector spinae

Which of the following muscles is not strengthened to any substantial degree by abdominal curl-ups without rotation to the right and left?

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