the two objects or events being compared are relevantly dissimilar
Evading Burden of Proof
when someone makes a claim, has no evidence to prove it, and expects you to find that evidence
a explanation that omits superfluous details and reduces complexity
something that does not logically follow
A fallacy that forces listeners to choose between two alternatives when more than two alternatives exist
A fallacy that presents a generalization that is either not supported with evidence or is supported with only weak evidence
set of principles granting one group more freedom than another group
Poisoning the Wall
Discredit what a person might later claim by presenting unfavorable information about the person.
using a biased, suspicious, or incredible source to defend a conclusion
The use of words to persuade people of something without actually making a clear argument for it.
A fallacy that introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion
being convineced by a position's popularity
the fallacy of presupposing one's thesis or conclusion
A person attempts to compliment or flatter another in order to get her to accept the truth of a proposition
X happened, so Y must happen (with no argument for why Y is inevitable)
Threaten an opponent if they don't agree with you
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
The faulty assumption that because one event follows another, the second necessarily causes the first.
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position.