Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Union founded by A.Philip Randolph in 1925 to help African Americans who worked for the Pullman Company.
A. Phillip Randolph
African American labor leader who, in 1941, demanded that the government ban discrimination against Backs in defense industries
March on Washington movement
1941- billions of federal dollars were flowing into the war industry jobs and blacks knew they would receive very little of these jobs and so they were planning on marching in Washington to protest. FDR expected riots so he promised them equal opportunity if they didn't march
Roosevelt's policies for ending the Depression
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
Executive order 8802
In 1941 FDR passed it which prohibited discriminatory employment practices by fed agencies and all unions and companies engaged in war related work. It established the Fair Employment Practices Commission to enforce the new policy.
fair employment practices committee
prevented discrimination in war industries and government jobs
9 black teenagers- arrested and charged with raping two woman train bound for scottsboro. Sentenced to electric chair