5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Benito Juarez
- a Before Inca, Spanish encountered them. In the aztec society, there was one king who was a divine ruler. this person ruled over the whole aztec kingdom and was passed down by lineage. They were really big on human sacrifice and found it kinda fun. The people that lived in the kingdom would ever so often (u know just for fun) practice blood letting, by stabbing their ears and tounges, releasing large amounts of blood "in honor of they gods". Montezuma was a representation of a god. They were very learned in the subject of the galaxy and were better at math than Vasco.
- b Full bred Spanish born in Spain, richest persons in Mexico and in charge
- c Zapotec Indian from tiny village when he moved to Oaxaca at 13 did not speak Spanish 1855 became Minister of Justice and issued series of reforms (called Ley Juarez) Responsible for constitution of 1857, became president in 1861
Had reforms in 1867 such as the education ? At end of 10 year reign people see him as a dictator?
- d instituted in 1929 to bring peace to Mexico, by answering the people, but quickly grew to become another time of political repression, they PRI would select a new candidate to win every six years, as they were the dominant power in the Mexican Political system, also the PRI rigged the elections in favor of the candidate they chose, But the PRI was destroyed in 2000 after a rule of 71 years. They also did not tolerate opposition
- e The Olmec were a society in Latin America that lived from roughly 1400-500 BC. Historians do not know much about their civilization, however they did have temples and carved huge heads from stones, some that still exist to this day. They were based in the Yucatan, little further to the North.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Goes to Hispaniola in 1502 earns encomienda turns to evangelizing Indians. 1506- ordained deacon, then in 1512, 1st priest ordained in New World
Wrote a Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies (1542)
- but it was a plan the made both the Pennisularies and the Creoles equal, this also include the stop of property confiscations of the two. this plan got widespread favor althow it completly ignored the lower classes ALSO, when Iturbide said Mexico would be a constitutional monarchy with a Bourbon king, but ended up being emperor himself
- half Spanish half Indian) shut out of jobs—Indian's forced to pay tribute
- US troops had occupied Santiago refused to allow Cuban rebels into city. Would occupy country until 1902
Required that Cuba consent to US's right to intervene in Cuban affairs
- 1933 Batista takes power (with US support)
Rules on own or behind puppet presidents takes over as dictator in 1952,
Refuses elections, represses opposition
Very close ties to US
5 True/False Questions
Father Hidalgo → Failed black ops attempt by the CIA to take over Cuba from Castro in response to him declaring Marxist in 1961. Happens April same year. Idea to take Cuban exiles, train them, invade Cuba, and get revolution going. Fails, troops die, Castro knew they were coming, and Kennedy pinned, though he didn't want to be. Then the Cuban missile crisis happened in 1962.
Monroe Doctrine → drives the Spanish out of Peru/Cuba
corridos → they were the military dictators. they came to vulnerable countries and tried to be friends with military and help take over countries.
Poncho Villa → A leader of peasant armies in the Mexican Revolution, one of the three main leaders with Francisco Madero and Emeliano Zapata. Was against Carranza, a constitutionalist backed by US support. Poncho felt betrayed by the US, and raided Columbia. US hunts for Poncho, never finds him.
Santa Anna → A Mexican general that rebelled against own government in 1835 and seized power and scrapped the constitution. Santa Anna captured Texas in the battle of Alamo. Dictator like, banned slavery in 1835 Saw war of Reform coming , plan to take him out. Resigned preemptively in 1855. He also was defeated in San Jacito