a Viking explorer (Norse) from Scandanavia, he discovered Vinland - which means the Land of Wine (Nova Scotia now). The Vikings tried and failed to settle these lands. LE also was the main person who explored and briefly settled the Northeastern coast of N. America.
Vasco Da Gama
from Portugal, and sailed around Africa
Black Death causes?
fleas carrying the plague and bad conditions (unsanitary)
Black Death where?
Black Death When?
Black Death did what?
Killed one quarter of the population
explorer from Italy, he wrote books and discovered many islands
Feudal System - Why?
Monarch, lord, serfs
Manner system consisted of.....
castle where the lord lived (walls 2 ft thick)
moat for extra protection
homes, fields, gardens, mills self-sufficient
1009 with 100 other Norsemen set up a colony in present day Newfoundland
type of story told by Vikings, because they did not write things down, told generation to generation , a story that relays the history
Middle ages/Dark ages
Europe in chaos, that started with the collapse of the Roman Empire
Event that helped spur new interest in the far off lands - middle East.
Crusades - religion
Crusades were a series of religious wars fought by the Catholic people in Europe against the Muslim people in the middle East and Africa.
After the first crusade, the Christians...
took Jerusalem, but only held it for 100 years
Crusaders came back with...
Spices - From South west Asia, and used to prevent foods from spoiling.
Silk and Jewels
emerged after Plague, new ideas bacause of the trade between different areas
Crusades - Holy Land
Christians wanted to take back from the Arabs
Merchant middle class in Italy
because the had a monopoly on the trade market with the east
at 17 traveled to China, spent 17 years in service to the Chinese ruler Khan - returned with many items and stories about China's great civilization
People wanted to learn about the world outside castle walls. New interests
Renaissance - when?
Famous artist during Renaissance
Known for painting the Sistine Chapel and the Madonna and Child
Leonardo da Vinci
Great painter, scientist and inventor
great writer of the Renaissance
Stars and Celestial movements
Copernicus - many scientists studied the stars and celestial movements and the started creating experiments to help better understand the world around them
Age of exploration
Name 3 African empires
Portugal searches for all water route to India
Slave trade begins
Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus believed:
In Marco Polo
World was round and you could sail around it
if he sailed west he would run into the Asian continent, short trip - 9 weeks
Christopher Columbus turned down by Portugal
Spain also turned him down.
Queen Isabella agreed to finance journey in 1492
Name CC's 3 ships
Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria
When did Columbus sail
August 3, 1492
Columbus stopped in
Why? - to re-supply
When did Columbus land in the Bahamas?
October 12, 1492
What did Columbus name the island?
San Salvador (Holy Savior)
Natives of San Salvador were:
peaceful, thought the explorers were gods,
Columbus explored islands in the Caribbean to find
Columbus brought back
tobacco, natives, parrots and detailed notes
Columbus's men ran aground in...
Hispanola, where they then built a fort
Columbus made 3 more voyages to the New World and set up the first Spanish colony called...
Santa Domingo, on Hispanola
Columbus died believing he found a quicker way to Asia and
a bitter man b/c he did not get rewarded to his discovery.
Italian explorer was first European to see the South American mainland after Columbus.
German map maker named the landmass to the north....
America, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci
European claims to the new world
Spanish Explorers and the Claims:
English sail for the West
French search for the Northwest Passage: