Science Chapter 8

33 terms by Barker 

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Cod

fish that is caught for its meat and for the oil in its liver, which is high in vitamins A & D

Salmon

unique fish that leaves the ocean and returns to the stream where it was born to lay its eggs

Manta Ray

has huge winglike fins which make it appear to fly through the water

Whale Shark

the largest fish of all

Grenadiers, viper fish

are strange because of their huge mouths and sharp teeth

White Shark

this fish is a man-eater

Blue Whale

largest animal that has ever lived

Sperm Whale

hunted for its oil and ambergris

Octopus

invertebrate that has the largest brain and is thought to be the most intelligent

Gills

fish use these to get oxygen from the water

Continental Shelf

contains flourishing plant life

Continental Shelf

is along the edges of the continents

Continental Shelf

Made primarily of mud and sand deposited by rivers

Continental Shelf

contains most of the fish that are caught to be sold for food

Continental Shelf

contains rich oil fields

Sand

produced by churning waves making minerals and rocks into particles

Salt

sea water is denser than fresh water because it contains

Oceanography

the scientific study of the sea or ocean

Pacific Ocean

Ocean where the Mariana Trench is located

Wind

waves are caused by this

28.5°F

sea water freezes at this temperature

Mammals

Blue Whale, Dolphin, Porpoise

Fish

salmon, tuna, white shark

Invertebrates

jellyfish, octopus, sponge, oyster

Ocean Floor

the bottom of the ocean

Ocean Floor

contains long mountain ranges called oceanic ridges

Ocean Floor

contains underwater volcanoes

Continental Slope

has deep trenches at its base

Ocean Currents

are moved primarily by the wind

Matthew Maury

he made important discoveries about the "paths of the seas"

Ocean Currents

carry warm and cold water

Gulf Stream Current

allows the people of England to enjoy a moderate climate

Knowledge of Ocean Currents

helps make sea travel quicker

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