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Cytosol

Fluid like substance that surrounds organelles in cell

Prokaryote

DNA not in a nucleus, no organelles, simple structure

Eukaryote

DNA in the nucleus, organelles, more complex structure

Cytoplasm

Interior of the cell

Plasma Membrane

Functions as a selective barrier to allow only certain things in and out of cell

Nucleus

Contains genetic material for the cell

Chromosomes

Structures with genetic information (DNA organized into this)

Nucleolus

Responsible for make the ribosomes in the cell

Ribosomes

Build protein

Vesicle

Sacs made of membrane that serve as packages

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

Responsible for lipid synthesis, and to detoxify drugs and poison

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Responsible for building proteins for secretion (ribosomes attached on surface)

Golgi Apparatus

Center for modification, sorting, and shipping

Lysosome

Contains enzymes and is responsible for digestion and recycling organic material in cells

Vacuole

Storage of water and waste (much larger in a plant)

Mitochondria

Site of cellular respiration, generate ATP (energy currency of cell)

Chloroplast

Site of photosynthesis, take light from sun to create glucose

Cytoskeleton

Provides mechanical support to maintain cell shape, also serves as tracks for vesicle transport

Centriole

Composed of microtubles and involved in cell division

Cilia and Flagella

Extensions containing microtubules that are involved in movement

Cell Wall

In plants only, helps to maintain shape and prevent excessive intake of water

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