PSYC 2000 Lesson 15

Created by mandercruso 

Upgrade to
remove ads

behavioral medicine

an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease

health psychology

a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

stress

the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

general adaptation syndrome

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages -- alarm, resistance, exhaustion

coronary heart disease

the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries

Type A

Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people

Type B

Friedman and Rosenman's terms for easygoing, relaxed people

psychophysiological illness

literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches

hypochondriasis

misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of disease

lymphocytes

the 2 types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system

B lymphocytes

form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections

T lymphocytes

form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances

coping

alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods

problem-focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress directly - by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor

emotion-focused coping

attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction

aerobic exercise

sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety

biofeedback

a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension

memory

prolonged stress due to sustained military combat is associated with a decrease in the size of a brain structure vital to

increase; decrease

when an organism's weight falls below its set point, the organism is likely to experience a(n) __ in hunger and a(n) __ in its metabolic rate

lymphocytes

are white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system

general adaptation syndrome

describes stages in the body's response to prolonged stress

Type A

Philip, a competitive, hard-driving corporate president is the best example of what type of personality?

serotonin

the best way to increase the production of __ is to engage in aerobic exercise

immune system

the macrophage and lymphocytes are major agents of the

epinephrine and norepinephrine

In the 1920s, Walter Cannon discovered that stress produced an outpouring of __ into the bloodstream

aerobic exercise

has been closely linked to a decrease in depression

sympathetic

as you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the __ NS

smoking

most likely to cause a premature death

more; less

compared to their counterparts of forty years, today's average American woman weight __ and today's average Miss America contestant weighs __

bottle up; express

cancer patients who __ their negative emotions have less chance of survival than those who are able to __ them

alarm reaction, resistance, exhaustion

the three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are

suppress; heightens

stress hormones __ the production of lymphocytes, which is why stress __ vulnerability to bacterial and viral infections

stress

the process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challenges

health psychology

a subfield of psychology that provide a psychological contribution to behavioral medicine

burnout

physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress

psychophysiological illness

a mind-body illness

coronary heart disease

the clogging of vessels that nourish the heart

aerobic exercise

increases heart and lung fitness

general adaptation syndrome

GAS

behavioral medicine

an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge

biofeedback

a system of feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set