classical roots 3 and 4

57 terms by softballchk217

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arkhein

to begin, to be first

arkhos

ruler, first in rank

archetype

an original model or type fro which similar forms are copied

archipelago

a group of many islands or the sea containing them

tupos

mold, model

pelagos

sea

archive

the collected records of an organization, institution, or public person

anarchy

absence of any form of government or political authority, lawlessness
disorder and confusion

an

without

oligarchy

government by the few, especially a faction of persons or families

oligos

few

demos

people

demagogue

a leader or agitator who appeals to people's passions and prejudices rather than to their reason

apogos

leading

demographer

one who studies the characteristics of populations and analyzes data such as numbers, births, deaths, diseases, and other vital statistics

graphein

to write

endemic

commonly found in a particular region or among a particular people

pandemic

spread throughout a wide geographic area; worldwide

grex, gregis

flock, heard, crowd

gregarious

liking companionship; sociable
tending ti kuvei r nive ub griyos if ibe;s iwb jubd

aggregation

a large or collection of people, animals, or things

ag = ad

to or toward

egregious

extraordinarily bad; flagrant

e = es

from, out of

eikon

likeness, image

icon

an image, representation, or symbol
a representation or picture of a sacred personage or event, traditionally painted on wooden panels in the manner of Eastern Orthodox churches

iconoclastic

breaking or destroying images
attacking or overthrowing tradition or popular ideas, institutions, or conventions

klasis

fracture

LESSON 4

duco, ducere, duxi, ductum

to lead

induce

to persuade; to influence
to cause, to bring about

con = cum

with

traduce

to slander; to speak falsely or maliciously of

tra = trans

across

redoubt

a small fort defending an important point
a place of refuge or defense

re

back, again

hegaisthai

to lead

hegemony

dominance, especially of one political body over another

exegesis

a thorough explanation of interpretation, especially of a sacred text

ex

from, out of

nuncio, nunniare, nunciavi, nunciatum

to announce

annunciation

an announcement; a proclamation
in christian thought, the announcement the angel gabriel to mary that she would give birth to the son of God

an = ad

to, toward

renunciation

an action or statement in which something is given up, rejected, abandoned, or sacrificed

polis

city

politikos

citizen

polity

an organized society, such as a nation, state, church or other organization, having a specific form of government

politic

wise, prudent, sagacious
expedient; taking advantage of the moment; shrewd

possum, posse, potui

to be able, to have power

potentate

monarch; a ruler possessing great power

puissant

mighty; powerful; forceful

rex, regis

king

realia

emblems and symbols of royalty, rank, office, or institution
finery; elaborate attire

regency

the office or period of office of a regent; one who administers for a monarch, especially in England and in France

viceroy

a governor or ruler exercising authority on behalf of a sovereign in a providence or colony

vice = uice

in place of

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