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chapters 1,3,5,9,13,21

Ways to promote physical wellness include

avoiding alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, drugs, and risky sexual behavior

Obtaining continual learning and using common sense are examples of ways to promote

mental and intellectual wellness

Public health and sanitation systems were first developed by the

ancient Romans

The Father of Medicine

Hippocrates

Bifocals for glasses were invented by

Benjamin Franklin

A vaccination for smallpox was developed in 1796 by

Edward Jenner

Disinfectants and antiseptics were first used to prevent infection during surgery by

Joseph Lister

The founder of the American Red Cross in 1881 was

Clara Barton

The professional education of nurses was started by

Florence Nightingale

The individual whose studies formed the basis for psychology ans psychiatry is

Sigmund Freud

Pinicillin was discoverd in 1928 by

Sir Alexander Fleming

The polio vaccine was developed in 1952 by

Jonas Salk

The first "test tube" baby was born in England in the

1970's

AIDS was identified as a disease in the

1980's

Birth control pills were first approved by the FDA in the

1960's

The first kidney transplant in humans was preformed in the

1950's

The CAM therapy that encourages the use of certain vitamins to neutralize free radicals is

antioxidants

The CAM therapy that uses breathing and muscles relaxation techniques to quiet the mind by focusing attention on obtaining a sense of oneness is

meditation

The CAM therapy based on the belief that illness and pain occur when Qi (life energy) is blocked as it flows through meridians is

acupressure

The CAM practitioner who believes that life energy flows through every living person in an invisible system of meridians is a/an

Chinese medicine practitioner

The name of the type of health care that offers both mainstream medical treatments and CAM therapies to treat a patient is a/an

integrative care

The CAM therapy that uses special machines to produce negatively charge air particles or ions which are used to treat common respiratory disorders is a/an

ionization therapy

Which of the following viruses has the ability to cause a pandemic?

all of them

Which of the following viruses is the cause of avian (bird) flu?

H5N1 virus

A degree awarded by a college or university after a prescribed course of study that usually last four or more years is a/an

bachelor's degree

A process by which a government agency authorizes individuals towork in a given occupation after the person has completed an approved education program and passed a state board test is

licensure

In order to renew licenses or maintain certification individuals must obtain additional hours of education called

continuing education units

A level of education for health occupations that usually requires at least three to four years of college plus work experience is

technologist or therapist

An individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business is a /an

entrepreneur

A dental specialty that treats and prevents diseases of the gingiva or gums, bones, and structures supporting the teeth is

peridontics

A dental specialty that treats diseases of the pulp, nerves, blood vessels, and roots of the teeth is

endodontics

A dental specialty that replaces natural teeth with artificial teeth or dentures is

prosthodontics

A medical specialist who treats disease of the skin is a/an

dermatologist

A medical specialist who treats disease and disorders of children is a/an

pediatrician

A medical specialist who treats diseases of elderly individuals is a/an

gerontologist

A medical specialist who treats disease of the female reproductive system is a/an

gynecologist

A medical specialist who treats tumors and cancers is a/an

oncologist

A medical specialist who treats diseases and disorders of the eye is a/an

opthalmologist

A medical specialist who treats diseases and disorders of muscles and bones is a/an

orthopedist

A medical specialist who treats diseases and disorders of the stomach

gastroenterologist

An example of a health career in the NHCSS health informatics services cluster is

medical illustrator

An example of a health career in the NHCSS therapeutic services cluster is

dental hygienists

An example of a health career in the NHCSS biotechnology research and development cluster is a/an

forensic science technician

A/an__ identifies and tracks diseases as they occur in a group of people and develops methods to prevent or control the spread of disease

epidemiologists

A/an __ provides information to individuals and families on inherited diseases or conditions

genetic counselor

The NHCSS standards that specify the knowledge and skills required of workers in health care careers involved with documentationof patient care are the

health informatics services

Failure to give care that is normally expected of a person in a particular position resulting in injury to another person

negligence

If a health care worker sends information to an insurance company without a patients written consent this can be

invasion of privacy

If a physician fails to use a degree of skill and learning commonly expected and the person receiving care is injured the physician can be sued for

malpractice

If a patient is physically restrained without proper authorization or justification this can lead to a charge of

false imprisonment

Any care that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish can lead to a charge of

abuse

A false written statement that causes a person to be ridiculed or damages the person's reputation is known as

libel

A set of principles relating to what is morally right or wrong are known as

ethics

Which of the following is not a patients right?

a patient is entitled to free care regardless of circumstances

A legal document that allows an individual to state what measures should or should not be taken to prolong life when a condition is terminal is a

living will

Permission granted voluntarily by a person who is of sound mind after a procedure and all risks involved have been explained is

informed consent

Writing threats or abusive statements is an example of

verbal abuse

Which of the following are signs or symptoms of abuse?

all of the above

Which of the following is not a requirement of the Patient Self-Determination Act?

provide legal assistance for preparing advance directives

An example of a tort is

slapping a patient

The privacy standards of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) require all of the following except

patients must sign a consent form to allow a birth or death certificate to be recorded by a government agency

Whichof the following is not a characteristic of culture?

culture stays the same form generation to generation

Countries of orgin for European Americans include all of the following except

India

Countries of orgin for Middle Eastern/ Arabic Americans include all of the following except

China

The belief that college- educated individuals are superior to uneducated individuals is an example of a/an

bias

The belief that all teenagers are reckless drivers is an example of a/an

stereotype

Examples of ways to avoid bias, prejudice, and stereotyping include all of the following except

adopt the beliefs of others to show you understand

A family that consists of a mother, father, and children is an example of a/an

nuclear family

Methods to use while providingcare to people who have limited English- speaking abilities include all of the following except

speak loudly and slowly

Mind and body control methods of alternative health care include all of the following except

acupressure

Whiich of the following relogions prohibits the use of blood or blood products?

Jehovah's Witness

The cultural group that believes heatlth is a balance of two energy forces yin and yang is

Asian

A religion that discourages organ donation but allows it to be an individua'ls decision is

Christian Science

When an assumption is made that everyone in a particular group is the same this is an example of

stereotyping

The ability to recognize and appreciate the personal characteristics of others is

sensitivity

The use of correct body mechanics is needed to

use the strongest muscles

How many inches apart should the feet be to maintain a broad base of support?

8 to 10

to get close to an object

bend form hips and knees

If you find a peice of damaged equiptment

report it immediatly

How many times should you read the lables on a solution bottle

3 times

If a solution such as acetic spills on a counter

report it immediatly

If a particle gets in your eye

report it immediatly

safety glasses are

required for some procedures

In case of a fire in a health care facility the most important thing to do is

remain calm

The three things needed in order for a fire to start are

heat, fuel, and oxygen

Ergonomics includes all of the following except

deternining which repetitive movements will be most effective

Most fire emergency plans usually include all of the following except

doors and windows should be opened to expel the smoke

Solutions used in health care facilities

can be dangerous so avoid eye and skin contact

While handling any electrical equiptment be sure to

check everything

Created the first mercury thermometer in 1714

Gabriel fahrenheit

Invented the microscope in 1666

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

Invented the stethoscope in 1816

Rene Laennec

Became the first female physician in the US in 1849

Elizabeth Blackwell

Discovered X-rays in 1895

William Roentgen

Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens in 1882

Robert Koch

Isolated Radium in 1910

Marie Curie

Established efficient and sanitary nursing units during the Crimean War

Florence Nightingale

Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart in 1628

William Harvey

Proved microorganisms cause disease and created a vaccine for rabies

Louis Pasteur

Provide emergency prehospital care to accident victims

EMT

Manage the operation of a health care facility

health care administrator

Organize and code patients records gather statistical data

health information technician

Dispense medications and provide information on drugs

pharmacist

Use recreational and leisure activities as a form of treatment

recreational therapist

Operate the heart-lung machines

perfusionist

Study human behavior help individuals deal with the problems of living

psychologist

Operate machine to record electrical activity in the brain

electroencephalographic technologist

Dentist specializing in alignment or straightening of the teeth

orthodontist

Works under the supervision of dentist to remove stains and deposits from the teeth

dental hygienist

Study tissues, fluids, and cells of the body to help determine the presence and/or cause of disease

medical laboratory technologist

Order, maintain, and stock all of the equipment and supplies used in a health care facility

central/sterile supply worker

Nurse assistants who provide care for patients in long term care facilities

Geriatric assistant

Assess nutritional needs of individuals and manage food service systems

dietitian

Provide care to individuals with hearing problems

audiologist

Classification of people based on physical or biological characteristics

race

Ability to recognize and appreciate the personal characteristics of others

sensitivity

Family structure in which the mother is the authority figure

matriarchal

Classification of people based on national orgin and/or culture

ethnicity

Process of learning the beliefs and behaviors of a dominant culture and assuming some of its characteristics

acculturation

Assumption that everyone in a particular group is the same

stereotyping

Person who does not believe in any diety

atheist

Beliefs individuals have about themselves, their connections with others, and their relationship with a higher power

spirituality

Individuals who believe in supremacy of their own ethnic group

ethnocentric

Preference that inhabits impartial judgement

bias

Person who believes that the existence of God cannot be proved or disproved

agnostic

A strong feeling that is formed without reviewing facts or information

prejudice

Class A

contains pressurized water, used on paper, cloth, and wood fires

Class B

Contains potassium biocarbonate, sodium biocarbonate, carbon dioxide, used on gas, oil, paint, cooking oils, and falmmable liquids

Class C

contains halon gas, used on electrical fires

Class D

often for one metal, used on burning combustable metals,

The first sign of a pressure ulcer is

pale, red or blue-gray, discoloration on the skin

Patients confined to bed should have their position changed at least

every 2 hours

Term for dizziness

vertigo

Does not apply while transferring a patient on a streacher

move the patient in a headfirst direction

Type of bed that is made after a patient is discharged

closed bed

Solution that can be used to help remove tangles

baby oil

Does not apply while shaving a patient

shave in the opposite direction of hair growth

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