Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

This byproduct of protein catabolism constitutes approximately one-half of all nitrogenous waste.

urea

Which is not a function of the kidneys?

They release waste into the bloodstream.

Human urine can have as much as __________ times the osmolarity of the blood plasma, which is why it is called hypertonic.

4.0

A patient enters a hospital after a motorcycle accident. He complains of mid-back pain. X-rays reveal both rib and pelvic fractures. His emergency room examination includes urinalysis. Which of the following findings from the urinalysis would most likely suggest trauma to the kidneys from the accident, but not to the urinary bladder?

albuminuria

Which of these form the inner layer of the glomerular capsule and wrap around the capillaries of the glomerulus?

podocytes

Which of the following would reduce the glomerular filtration rate?

vasoconstriction of the afferent arteriole

The mechanism of stabilizing the GFR based on the tendency of smooth muscle to contract when stretched is known as what?

the myogenic mechanism

PCTs are responsible for reabsorbing all of the following except

hydrogen ions.

Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?

decreased urine volume

Atrial natriuretic peptide reduces blood volume and pressure by all of the following means except

Atrial natriuretic peptide reduces blood volume and pressure by all of the following means except

The urine is most likely to be hypotonic when

the body's water volume is high.

The overall purpose of the countercurrent exchange system is

to supply nutrients and oxygen to the renal medulla.

Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except

glucose

Prior to chemical tests for glycosuria, clinicians checked for sweetness of the urine as a sign of

diabetes mellitus

Loop diuretics reduce body water content by acting on

the countercurrent multiplier system.

Which muscle is located in the bladder?

detrusor

Which is not a portion of the urethra?

internal urethral sphincter

Micturition is another term for

the elimination of urine.

Which of the following urinary tract disorders seems most likely to occur in someone who frequently participates in marathon runs?

hematuria

Lithotripsy is a medical procedure used to treat

renal calculi.

What is the most common urinary symptom of diabetes mellitus?

glycosuria

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set