the common minerals that make-up most of the rocks of Earth's crust
a usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture.
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size, shape, and pattern of a rock's grains.
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface
a type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together.
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface
Igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface.
a material found in magma that is formed from the elements oxygen and silicon
small solid pieces of material that come from rocks or organisms; earth materials deposited by erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock and soil
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations
The process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight.
the process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass
sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together under high pressure
sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystalize from a solution
Sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize from a solution
A structure of calcite skeletons built up by coral animals in warm, shallow ocean water.
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layers or bands
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another