US Constitution 1-26 (Dearborn) *Chapter 4*

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26 terms

What is sufferage?

the right to vote

What was our country's first constitution?

Articles of Confederation

What is ratification?

official approval

What movement influenced ideas for the American government?

Enlightment and Great Awakening

What documents influenced ideas for America's government?

Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Virigina's Statue for Religious Freedom

Why did we need a new Constitution?

Articles of Confederation didn't give government enough power

What is a tariff?

tax on imports/exports

How many branches are in our government, and what are they?

3, judicial, legislative, executive

What is federalism?

sharing of power between states and national government

Who is responsible for proposing/passing laws?

Congress/Legislative branch

What is the purpose of checks and balances system?

Keeps any branch of the government from becoming too powerful

What is a veto?

execute's (president) rejection of a bill

How are the Congress reverse a presidents decision?

2/3 majority over the president's veto

How can judicial branch check the legislative branch?

declaring laws "unconstitutional"

How can executive branch override a new law created by the legislative branch?

president vetos the law

How many senators does each state get?

2

How many representatives does each state get?

Depends on population in a state

Who served as the president of the Constitutional Convention?

George Washington

How did the Great Compromise combine elements of the Virginia and New Jersey plans?

bicameral legislature

When did the constitution go into effect?

June 1788

What is an amendment?

official change

Proposed amendments needed what kind of agreement vote?

2/3 majority of Congress

Amend must be ratified by what kind of agreement vote?

3/4 of state legislatures

What is the Bill of Rights?

first 10 amendments of Constitution

What does the Bill of Rights protect?

citizens' rights

How did the Federalist Papers try to assure Americans about the new constitution?

government will not overpower states

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