5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- what are the five areas of moral education?
- What is Kohlberg's level one?
- what is induction
- what are the benefits of service learning?
- How did Kohlberg believe moral development occurred?
- a 1. hidden curriculum
2. character education
3. values clarification
4. cognitive moral education
5. service learning
- b reason and explanation of consequences
- c 1. grades improve, more motivated, set more goals
2. self esteem improves
3. improved sense that they can make a difference for others
4. increased likelihood of volunteering in future
- d Preconventional reasoning - NO internalization - ages 4-9; emphasis on external control - standards are those of others and are observed to avoid punishment or reap rewards
- e unfolds in a series of stories
5 Multiple choice questions
- adolescents were more likely to cheat when their friends pressured them to do so and when the chance of being caught was slim
- induction - more positively related to moral development
- the "unwritten rules" classroom rules and peer relations at school transmit attitudes about cheating, lying, stealing and showing consideration for others
- as they pass from one stage to the next - rather than passively accepting the cultural norm of morality
- service learning
5 True/False questions
what is Kohlberg's level three → Conventional reasoning - intermediate internalization - now want to please others - still observe standards of others, but have internalized these standards to some extent - want to be considered good by those whose opinion is important to them - able to take roles of authority figure to decide whether an action is good by their standards
what is power assertion → (Kohlberg) developmental change from behaviour that is externally controlled to behaviour that is controlled by internal standards and principles
what is the criticism of assessment of moral reasoning → 1. need more than one way to assess
2. hypothetical dilemmas posed in Kohlberg's stories do not match the moral dilemmas many face in their every day life
3. interpersonal relationships concerned adolescents more than anything else
How did studies show that individuals in diverse cultures developed? → in stages 1 through 4 in the same sequence that Kohlberg predicted
What is moral development → spanking threatening removing privileges