Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chapter 3, Lesson 3

Eastern

Cattle was worth more in the __________ state - $4 in Texas but $40 in the East.

Transport Cattle

Ranchers needed a way to _________ to the eastern states to make more money.

Cowboys

Started a cattle drive.

Transcontinental Railroad

Cowboys guided huge herds of cattle to this destination so that the herd could be transported to the states in the east.

Dodge City, Kansas

Cattle drives started in Texas and ended in cities like this.

Cowboy Challenges

* Exhausting
* Dangerous
* 16 hours on horseback a day
* Worked 7 days a week for months.
* Had to guard herd at night to protect them against stampedes set off by lightning, coyotes, or other noises. Would sing to herd to keep calm.
* Varied group - Mexican-American and African-American

Nat Love

Famous African-American cowboy.

Late 1880's

Cattle drives came to an end in the _____ _______'s.
* Homesteaders were angry because herds ruined their farms. Fenced their land with barbed wire.
* Expanding railroad lines to Texas decreased need for cattle drives.

Cattle Ranching

Remained popular to provide people with fresh meat.

Chicago

Nation's leading supplier of meat because it was a major hub for the railroads. Meat was placed on trains to travel all over country.

Gold Rush of 1849

Urged people to move to California.

Within one year

Within this time period, California had enough people to become its own state.

George Jackson

Found gold in Rocky Mountains near Denver, Colorado. His find sparked another gold rush and people spread all over the mountains in search of gold.

Rare

Finding was gold was actually ______.

Gold Dust

Most found ______ ______ and collected enough to deposit into a bank. Required long days of work and lots of patience.

"Boomtown"

Name given to remote areas when gold miners flocked to an area. Made of diverse people.

Entrepreneurs

A person who starts his/her own business. Ex. restaurants, shops, other ways to meet the needs of people.

Levi Strauss

Invented a sturdy pair of denim pants with buttons and a zipper that miners could wear and not fall apart while working.

"Ghost Towns"

Some towns perished after the gold and silver ran out and became ______ _______.

Denver, Colorado and San Francisco, CA

Some town remained after the Gold Rush and became important cities.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set