respiratory terminology

60 terms by tward

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

anoxia

The absence of oxygen from the body/es gases, blood, or tissues.

anthracosis

The form pneumoconiosos caused by coal dust in the lungs.

antitussive

Medication administered to prevent, or relieve coughing.

aphonia

The loss of the ability of the laryns to produce normal speech sounds.

apnea

Absence of spontaneous respiration.

asbestosis

The form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs.

asphyxia

The condition that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function.

asphyxiation

An interruption of breathing that results in the loss of consciousness or death.

asthma

A chronic alleric disorder characterized by spisodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing and wheezing.

atelectasis

Condition in which the lung fails to expand because air cannot pass beyond the bronchioles that are blocked by secretions.

bradypnea

Abnormally slow rate of respiration; usually less than 10 breathes per minute.

bronchiectasis

Chronic enlargement of bronchi or bronchioles resulting from an earlier lung infection that was not cured.

bronchodilator

Medication that expands the opening of the passages into the lungs.

bronchorrhea

Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

bronchoscopy

Visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

Pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathin, and the absence of breathing.

croup

Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.

cystic fibrosis

Genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large amounts of abnormally thick mucus.

diphtheria

Acuste infectious disease of the trroat and upper respiratory tract caused by the presence of diphtheria bacteria.

dysphonia

voice impairment including hoarseness, weakness, or loss of voice.

dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing.

emphysema

Progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.

empyema

accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.

endotracheal intubation

The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the treachea to establish or maintain an open airway.

epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose.

hemoptysis

Spitting of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.

hemothorax

Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.

hypercapnia

The abnormal buildup of carvon dioxide in the blood.

hyperpnea

Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.

hypopnea

Shallow or slow respiration.

hypoxemia

A condition of having below normal oxygen level in the blood.

hypoxia

The condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the body tissues and cells.

laryngectomy

Surgical removal of the larynx.

laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx.

laryngoplegia

Paralysis of the larynx.

laryngoscopy

Visual examination of the larynx using a laryngoscope.

mediastinum

The cavity located between the lungs.

nebulizer

Medical equipment that dispenses doses of medication in the form of a mist.

otolaryngologist

Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, and throat.

pertussis

Contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract that is characterized by a spasm like cough.

pharyngitis

Inflammation of the pharynx; also known as a sore throat.

pharyngoplasty

Surgical repair of the pharynx.

pleurectomy

Surgical removal of part of the pleura.

pleurisy

Inglammation of the visceral and parietal pleura in the toracic cavity.

pleurodynia

Pain in the pleura.

pneumoconiosis

An abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of environmental or occupationa contact.

pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.

pneumothorax

Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural spacecausing the lung to collapse.

polysomnography

Test that measures physiological activity during sleep.

pulmonologist

Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the lungs and associated tissues.

pulse oximeter

External monitor to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.

pyothorax

Accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity.

sinusitis

Inflammatin of the sinuses.

spirometry

Testing method that utilizes a spirometer to record the volume of air inhaled or exhaled and the length of tiem each breath takes.

tachypnea

Abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.

thoracentesis

Puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleual cavity for diagnostic purposes, to drain pleural effusions or to reexpand a collapsed lung.

thoracostomy

Surgical creation of an opening into the chest.

tracheostomy

Creating an opening into the trachea and inserting a tube to facilitate the passage of air or the removal of secretions.

tracheotomy

Usually an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain acdess to the airway below a blockage.

tuberculosis

An infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosi.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set