the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
a man-made object taken as a whole
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
the contact and interaction of one culture with another
the restriction of a culture from outside cultural influences
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
Ones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
The close relationships among various elements of a cultural system
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits (formal, vernacular, functional)
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
stops cultural exchange
EXPANSION- idea or innovation
spreads outward from the hearth
HIERARCHIAL- spreads to most linked people or places first.
-CONTAGIOUS- spreads adjacently
-STIMULUS- idea promotes a local experiment or change in the way people do things.
RELOCATION- movement of individuals who
carry an idea or innovation with them to a new, perhaps distant location.
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
a person who meets needs by hunting animals and gathering plants
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
the act of starting something for the first time
The central, enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and beliefs
used to explain common characteristics of widely separated cultures developed under similar ecological circumstances
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unit a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.
the fusion of originally different inflected forms (resulting in a reduction in the use of inflections)
The complex of material objects together with the techniques of their use by means of which people carry out purposeful and productive tasks.