Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
an area in which people have many shared culture traits (formal, vernacular, functional)
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
EXPANSION- idea or innovation
spreads outward from the hearth
HIERARCHIAL- spreads to most linked people or places first.
-CONTAGIOUS- spreads adjacently
-STIMULUS- idea promotes a local experiment or change in the way people do things.
RELOCATION- movement of individuals who
carry an idea or innovation with them to a new, perhaps distant location.
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
used to explain common characteristics of widely separated cultures developed under similar ecological circumstances
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unit a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.
the fusion of originally different inflected forms (resulting in a reduction in the use of inflections)