Review Questions for History Benchmark

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Review questions from the review questions for history

In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses represented

Steps in the growth of representative democracy

According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that government

Violates natural rights

Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown

"The only representatives of the people of these colonies are persons chosen therein by themselves; and that no taxed ever have been, or can be constitutionally imposed on them but by respective legislatures."

What is a valid conclusion that can be drawn from this quotation?

Only the colonists' elected representatives should have the power to levy taxes

The Mayflower Compact is important to the concept of a democratic society because it represents

a clear step toward self-government

The British system of mercantilism was opposed by many American colonists because it

placed restrictions on trading

The Mayflower Compact, House of Burgesses, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut are all examples of the efforts of colonial Americans to

use democratic practices in government

The Mayflower Compact of 1620 is considered an important step in the development of democracy in America because it

expressed the importance of self-government

During the Revolutionary War period, Thomas Paine's Common Sense was important because it

convinced many Americans who had been undecided to support independence

The Virginia House of Burgesses was important to the development of democracy in the thirteen colonies because it

provided an example of a representative form of government

"It is not the cause of one poor printer, nor of New York alone, which you are now trying. No! It may in its consequences affect every free man that lives under British government on the main [continent] of America. It is the best cause. It is the cause of liberty... Nature and the laws of our country have given us a right to liberty of both exposing and opposing arbitrary power ( in these parts of the world at least) by speaking and writing the truth." Andrew Hamilton

This courtroom summation helped establish which democratic principle in colonial America?

Freedom of the press

The pamphlet of Common Sense, by Thomas Paine, aided the American cause in the Revolutionary War because it

persuaded individuals who were undecided to support independence

The Mayflower Compact and the House of Burgesses were important to the development of democracy in colonial America because they

promoted self-government

Which heading best completes the partial outline below?
I. _________________ A. Committees of Correspondence B. Nonimportation Agreements C. Boston Tea Party D. First Continental Congress

Colonial Responses to British Mercantile Policies

In its economic relationship with its North American colonies, Great Britain followed the principles of 18-th century mercantilism by

limiting the colonies' trade with other nations

... I challenge the warmest advocate [supporter] for reconciliation, to shew [show], a single advantage that this continent can read [gain], by being connected with Great Britain. I repeat the challenge, not a single advantage is derived [acquired]. Our corn will fetch its price in any market in Europe, and our imported goods must be paid for, buy them where we will... - Thomas Paine Common Sense
This speaker is most likely opposed to

mercantilism

A major argument for American independence found in the Declaration of Independence was that the British

deprived Americans of their natural rights

Which statement is most accurate about the movement for independence in the thirteen colonies?

protests against British colonial policies gradually led to demands for independence

According to the Declaration of Independence, the fundamental purpose of government is to

protect people's natural rights

One of the principles stated in the Declaration of Independence is that government should

be based upon the consent of the governed

During the colonial period, the British Parliament used the policy of mercantilism to

limit manufacturing in America

The Mayflower Compact and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of

steps toward representative government

In which are did good harbors, abundant forests, rocky soil, and a short growing season most influence the colonial economy?

New England colonies

The Mayflower Compact, New England town meetings, and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of

early colonial efforts in self-government

The main reason Great Britain established the Proclamation of 1763 was to

avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native American Indians

The Declaration of Independence (1776) has had a major influence on peoples throughtout the world because it

provides justification for revolting against unjust governments

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