the communication of ideas through symbols and sounds that are arranged according to rules
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
a smaller group of related languages within a language family
a set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
Societies with out a written language
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
A family of several hundred related languages and dialects that all come from a European root
collapsing of two language into one.
new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects
Replacement of languages by a stronger language
The diversification of languages
process by which an extinct language is recreated
language which came before Latin, greek, sanscript
The core of a Proto Indo-European language
second oldest, second largest indigenous family of language
any of the languages spoken by Native Americans
the family of languages who are still concentrated along Arctic and near-Arctic shores
the the theory which states that with increased food supply and increased population, speakers from the hearth of Indo-European languages migrated into Europe
the theory that early Proto-Indo-European speakers spread westward on horseback, overpowering earlier inhabitants and beginning the diffusion and differentiation of Indo-European tounges
The study of the origins and meaning of place-names.
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
countries in which only one language is spoken
countries in which more than one language is spoken
a common language between two different language speakers
a simplified form of speech developed from two or more languages
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
An artificial language invented in 1887, based on the root forms of some words common to the major European languages.
laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
a society in which different cultural groupls keep their own identity, beliefs, and traditions
A small rural area settled by a single, distinctive ethnic group that placed its imprint on the landscape
a culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity
process that works against globalization, revitalizing cultural ties and promoting distinction.
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races