Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror
king of england, william the bastard, died by falling from his horse, conquered for 21 years
"northman" vikings who settled in northwestern france. blended with anglo saxon culture.
Thomas a Becket
his shrine is at canterbury. king henry 2's lord chancellor. defended the claims the church against the interests of the king. killed by knights. saint and hero
land holding based on loyalties, one pays rent through service to overlords. King-lords-knoghts-serfs
how william the conqueror kept track of his property in the feudal system.
highly influential, chief publisher, librarian and teacher.
casued cities to build up in the north of england, and more people began to live in cities and towns than rural areas
protective associations of individual crafts. merchants could regulate prices to assure fair wages. also religious societys.
guilds were in charge of building these.
law that is common for the whole century and its people
giving the firstborn son exclusive ingheritance rights
settled disputes. one's innocence or guilt was determined by setting the person at a task and seeing if he/she was able to successfully complete it
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
King John was forced by barons to sign this to limit his powers.
an attempt to rescue jerusalem form the turks. one positive is introducing christian europe to arabic culture. encouraged chivalry
intended to make a knight as tenderhearted off the battle field was he was bold on it
hundres years' war
broke out in 1337 and lasted until 1453; France and England fought due to England not wanting to relinquish French possessions.
allowed the Brits to defeat the heavily armored French knights on horseback at several important battles such as the Battle of Agincourt
accession of henry VII
war of the roses
a war between york (red rose_ and lancaster (white rose)
bubonic plague, killed 40% of pop. positive: end to feudalism
1381 peasants revolt
As the lower classes gained more power, they participated in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381. further indicated the rising expectations of the working class
romance (definition and sources)
usually a story of a knight seeking honor or adventure, or performing the role of a lover
were not necessarily written down, but recited and sun in numerous homes and pubs. popular in 1300's and 1400's, not published until the middle of the 1700's
sometimes called mystery plays. dramatizations from biblical history, the legends of the saints, and the liturgy of the church.
the morality plays typically present, in extended allegories, the struggle between the forces of good and evil.most common= everyman