the democratic peace
The theory that democracies rarely, if ever, go to war against each other
Where each state in the system accepts that the security of one is the concern of all, and agrees to join in a collective response to threats to, and breaches of, the peace.
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
(NGOs) international organizations that operate outside of the formal political arena but that that are nevertheless influential in spearheading international initiatives on social economic and environmental issues
(IGOs) organizations composed of representatives appointed by the state gov's that have agreed to become members of the organization
Term that frequently appears as a balance sheet item as a component of shareholders' equity.
the theory that leaders start conflicts to divert attention from domestic problems
the executive committee of the ruling class
From the Manifesto of the Communist Party, the idea that the large business's need the government to be their committee because no one organization or business has the ability to look out for all organizations or business's.
a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
"where you stand depends on where you sit"
A quote by Nelson Mandela, the position you take on a matter depends on where you are situated in life.
standard operating procedures
better known as SOP's these procedures are used by bureaucrats to bring uniformity to complex organizations. Uniformity improves fairness and makes personnel interchangeable.
"anarchy is what states make of it"
The arguement that anarchy can be a structural fact about the world that states inhabit, but that it is up to politicians to decide how to deal with that anarchy.
lust for power, "animus dominandi"
the idea that international politics, like all politics, is a struggle for power. A combination of a lust for power and the desire to dominate, "animus dominandi"
part of the idea of Realism, where national interest and security is prioritized over ideology, moral concerns and social reconstructions. This term is often synonymous with power politics.
Describes making decisions within the constraints of limited information and alternatives.
Choosing an option that is acceptable, although not necessarily the best or perfect.
cognitive miser model
hypothesis that careful thought processing is only done when necessary
the distressing mental state caused by inconsistency between a person's two beliefs or a belief and an action
people choose to take on risk when evaluating potential losses and avoid risks when evaluating potential gains
social identity theory
the theory that people favor ingroups and discriminate against outgroups in order to enhance their own self esteem
the German Problem
the unification of Germany after the fall of the Berlin wall, states worried that it would bring about another World War
cult of the offensive
the common belief among leaders that offensive advantages are so great that a defending force would have no hope of repelling the attack
World Policy, adopted by Germany, replacing Realpolitik (based on practical concepts) and was more aggressive. Caused the construction of the High Seas Fleet, which sought to be greater than Britain's navy, which they did nto take kindly to.
Coalition of Iron and Rye
The first in a series of European tarrifs resulting from demands for protection from the effects of increasing integration in the international economy, an early example of backlash against globalization
the "blank check"
Austria wanted to destroy the assassins who had killed the heir to the Austrian throne, but feared that if they invaded the Balkans the Russians would come to the rescue of their Slavic brothers. Germany, sensing this may be the chance to destroy her enemies Russia and France in a quick and decisive war, pledged unconditional support to Austria, called the "blank check", all but assuring that if Austria invaded the Balkans that a huge conflict would result. For this reason, many historians view this German backing of Austria as the greatest reason for the outbreak of World War I.
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
Italy's conquest of Ethiopia (1935)
Exposed the inherent weakness of the League of nations, both Italy and Ethiopia were member nations and yet the League was unable to control Italy or to protect Ethiopia when Italy clearly violated the League's own Article X.
union of Austria and Germany (Hitler) - forced Austrian chancellor to appoint Nazis to cabinet posiitons, then sent troops; violated Versilles Treaty
practice of giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in order to keep peace
an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland., widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement toward Nazi Germany.