nsg care: health diff: chap 18

37 terms by bekki82

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antibodies

Proteins produced in the presence of antigens that work against the
antigens

antigens

Substances that cause a response in the body, including those found
in red blood cells that cause them to clump or clot

antitussives

Cough suppressants

atelectasis

The collapse of a lobe of the lung

bronchodilators

Respiratory medications that relax the smooth muscles in the
respiratory system and pulmonary blood vessels, permitting better
airflow and gas exchange

cardiopulmonary
resuscitation
(CPR)

An emergency intervention done in the absence of heartbeat and
respirations

crossmatching

Testing donor blood with the recipient patient's blood to ensure that
no clotting will occur once the blood is transfused

cupping and
clapping

A nursing intervention involving percussing the back of the patient
and placing the hands in a cupping position over areas of the lung
that are filled with secretions, thus pulling secretions away from
mucous membranes in the bronchial tree, which enables the patient
to cough them up

digitalis
glycosides

Medications that strengthen the heart and slow the heart rate,
improving the heart's pumping action and supplying more blood
and oxygen to the tissues

do not resuscitate
(DNR)

An order to not use CPR if a patient suffers cardiac or respiratory
arrest

edema

An abnormal buildup of fluid in the cells and tissues that results in
swelling

embolus

A clot that dislodges from the wall of a vein, is carried through the
bloodstream, and obstructs oxygenated blood flow to a portion of an
organ, such as the heart or lung

endotracheal

Describes an artificial airway inserted through the mouth or nose
and into the trachea and with tubes that can be easily attached to
mechanical ventilators for patients who have general anesthesia
during surgery and decreased levels of consciousness

erythrogenesis

Promotion of red blood cell development

expectorants

Respiratory medications that liquefy secretions to enable patients to
expectorate or get rid of them by coughing

glucocorticoids

Respiratory medications that are anti-inflammatory and can
decrease airway edema and facilitate breathing

Heimlich
maneuver

Abdominal thrust maneuver, an emergency intervention used when
someone is choking

hemolyze

To destroy red blood cells

high-Fowler's
position

Positioning of a patient with the head of the bed raised to a 90°
angle

incentive
spirometry

A method of ensuring airway maintenance that requires the patient
to breathe into a plastic tube with a mouthpiece that is connected to
a container that calibrates the amount of air inspired with each
breath

nasal cannula

The most commonly used oxygen delivery device, which consists of
a plastic tube with prongs that can be inserted in the nares

nasopharyngeal

Describes an artificial airway inserted through the nose for patients
who can cough but are not able to expectorate secretions

nonrebreather
mask

A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and delivers the highest concentration of oxygen

oropharyngeal

Describes an artificial airway inserted through the mouth for
patients who can cough but are not able to expectorate secretions

orthopneic
position

Positioning in which the patient sits in or on the side of a bed while
the trunk is bent forward and the head rests on pillows placed on an
overbed table in front of the patient

oxygen
concentrator

A machine that delivers oxygen and is frequently used in nursing
home settings and at home for long-term oxygen management when
lower flow rates are needed

oxygen hood

A plastic bubble that surrounds an infant and delivers 100 percent
oxygen

oxygen tent

An oxygen delivery device that is used with infants and children and
delivers 30 to 50 percent oxygen

partial
rebreather mask

A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and delivers 60 to 90 percent oxygen

postural
drainage

A position that involves inverting a patient in order to facilitate
drainage out of the base of the lungs by gravity

Rh factor antigen

An antigen that can cause adverse blood reactions from others'
blood

suctioning

An intervention for removing secretions from a patient by means of
flexible catheters and tubing attached to a machine that provides a
vacuum

tracheostomy

Describes an artificial airway inserted directly into the trachea
below the larynx and that may be attached to a ventilator for longterm
airway management when airway obstructions are present

Trendelenburg

A position where the head of a patient's bed is lower than the foot
of the bed, with the entire bed flat

vasodilators

Cardiac medications that increase tissue perfusion by dilating
peripheral blood vessels

Venturi mask

A type of oxygen face mask that completely covers the nose and
mouth and is often used for patients with chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease

vibration

A technique in which the nurse places his or her hands flat with
palms down against the patient's back, then vibrates the hands by
using pressure and movement when the patient exhales, thus
facilitating airflow within the bronchial tree and further loosening
secretions

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