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Bill of Rights

the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, which set forth basic rights guaranteed to all Americans

separation of church and state

the division between religion and government

self-incrimination

testifying against oneself

due process of law

the fair application of the law to one's case

eminent domain

the power of the government to take private property for public use

bail

money or property an accused person gives a court to hold as a guarantee that he or she will appear for trial

civil rights

the rights guaranteed to all US citizens

suffrage

the right to vote

poll tax

a special tax that had to be paid in order to vote

draft

a policy requiring men to serve in the military

rationed

limited by law to a certain amount

jury duty

serving on a jury

3 things protected by the First Amendment

1. right to free speech
2. right to the free practice of religion
3. right to petition

First Amendment

protects some of the most basic freedoms
1. Freedom of Religion
2. Freedom of Speech
3. Freedom of the Press
4. Freedom of Assembly
5. Freedom of Petition

second amendment

right to bear arms

third amendment

prohibits the quartering of soldiers without permission

fourth amendment

protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures

fifth amendment

1. protects an accused person from self-incrimination
2. protects people from double jeopardy
3. no person can be denied life, liberty, or property without due process

sixth amendment

provides a person accused of a crime the right to prompt and public trial by a jury

seventh amendment

provides for a trial by a jury in certain kinds of cases involving money or property

eighth amendment

forbids cruel and unusual punishment and also states the courts may not set excessive bails

ninth

implies that Americans enjoy the basic rights no listed in the constitution

tenth amendment

deals with powers not specifically given tot he federal government by the constitution. It gives the states power to act independently of the federal government to protect citizen's rights

13th amendment

outlawed slavery in all states and in all lands governed by the US

fourteenth amendment

1. granted full citizenship to African Americans
2. declared no state could take away a citizens life, liberty, or property without due process
3. guaranteed every citizen within a state protection under the laws

Wyoming

first state to give women the right to vote

19th amendment

gave citizens living in District of Columbia the right to vote for the President/ VP

24th amendment

banned the use of poll taxes as a requirement for voting in national elections

26th amendment

lowered the voting age in all elections to 18

23rd amendment

gave citizens living in the District of Columbia the right to vote in Presidential elections

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