ch. 10 sexuality and gender

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chapter 10 sexuality and gender

acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

sexually transmitted viral disorder that causes deterioration of the immune system and eventually results in death due to complicating infections that the body can no longer fight

Alfred Kinsey

regarded by some as the father of the scientific study of human sexuality. Published a series of reports called the Kinsey Reports which described common sexual behaviors in the US

androgens

male sex hormones

androgyny

characteristic of possessing the most positive personality characteristics of males and females regardless of actual sex

benevolent sexism

acceptance of positive stereotypes of males and females that leads to unequal treatment

bisexual

person sexually attracted to both men and women

chlamydia

sexually transmitted disease which can cause damage to the female and male reproductive systems resulting in infertility. Chlamydia may remain undetected for long periods of time

estrogen

female sex hormones

excitement

first phase of sexual arousal during which the pulse rate increases, blood pressure rises, breathing quickens, and the skin may show a rosy flush

gender

the psychological aspects of being male or female

gender identity

the individual's sense of being male or female

gender roles

the cultures expectations for masculine or feminine behavior, including attitudes, actions, and personality traits associated with being male or female in that culture

gender schema theory

theory of gender identity acquisition in which a child develops a mental pattern, or schema, for being male or female and then organizes observed and learned behavior around that scheme

gender stereotype

a concept held about a person or group of people that is based on being male or female

gender typing

the process of acquiring gender role characteristics

genital herpes

sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, which causes a painful rash of fluid filled blisters on the genitals

genital warts

lesions produced by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and transmitted through sexual contact. the lesions may be raised and bumpy, or flat and almost impossible to see

gonorrhea

sexually transmitted disease that affects the genitals of both sexes, gonorrhea causes burning or difficulty with urination, itching, and a yellow or green discharge. It is easily treated with antibiotics

hermaphroditism

the condition of possessing both male and female sexual organs

heterosexual

person sexually attracted to the opposite sex

homosexual

person sexually attracted to the same sex

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

a virus that steadily weakens the body's defense (immune) system until it can no longer fight off infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, tumors, and other illnesses

intersexed

a person who possess ambiguous sexual organs, making it difficult to determine actual sex from a visual inspection at birth

mammary glands

glands within the breast tissue that produce milk when a woman gives birth to an infant

menstrual cycle

monthly shedding of the blood and tissue that line the uterus in preparation for pregnancy when conception does not occur

organic or stress induced dysfunctions

sexual problem caused by physical disorder or psychological stress

orgasm

a series of rhythmic contractions of the muscles of the vaginal walls or the penis, also the third and shortest phase of sexual response

ovaries

the female sexual glands

paraphilia

a sexual disorder in which the person's preferred method of sexual arousal and fulfillment is through sexual behavior that is unusual or socially unacceptable

pedophile

a person who has recurring sexual thoughts, fantasies, or engages in sexual actions towards prepuescent (nonsexually mature) children

pedophilia

deriving sexual arousal and pleasure from touching or having sexual relations with prepubescent (normally mature) children, or fantasizing about such contact

penis

male external sex organ

plateau

second phase of sexual arousal during which the physical changes that began in the first phase are continued

primary sex characteristics

sexual organs present at birth and directly involved in human reproduction

prostate gland

gland that secretes most of the fluid holding the male sex cells or sperm

puberty

period during which the secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained

refractory period

time period in males just after orgasm in which the male cannot become aroused or achieve erection

resolution

the final phase of the sexual response in which the body is returned to a normal state

Samuel and Cynthia Janus

in '93, published the most recent nationwide survey of common sexual behaviors. the publication is called The Janus Report

scrotum

external sack that holds the testes

secondary sex characteristics

sexual organs and traits that develop at puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction

sex

physical properties that distinguish male from females

sexism

prejudice about males and/or females

sexual deviance

behavior that is unacceptable according to societal norms and expectations

sexual dysfunction

a problem in sexual functioning

sexual orientation

a person's sexual attraction preference for members of a particular sex

sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

any disease that is spread through sexual contact

social learning theory

theory of gender identity acquisition which emphasizes learning through observation and imitation of models

syphilis

sexually transmitted disease with the initial symptom of a painless open sore that usually appears on the penis or around or in the vagina. If untreated, syphilis may go on to more advanced stages, including a transient rash and , eventually, serious involvement of the heart and central nervous system

testes

the male sex glands

transvestism

deriving sexual arousal and pleasure from dressing in the clothing of the opposite sex

uterus

the womb in which the baby grows during pregnancy

vagina

the tube that leads from the outside of a female's body to the opening of the womb

Virginia Johnson

psychologist famous for her pioneering research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990s

William masters

gynecologist famous for his pioneering research into the nature of human sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual response and the diagnosis and treatment of sexual disorders and dysfunctions from 1957 until the 1990's

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