When did the founder live?
What were the 4 glimpses of the real world the founder saw?
Old man, sick man, dead man, poor beggar
Salvation can only be attained __________?
By not desiring it
What do Theravada and Mahayana mean?
Theravada- tradition of the elders- minority
Mahayana- Larger vehicle
Where was the first place the founder spoke?
What is different about this eightfold path?
Carried out simultaneously and its the "middle-way"
What are the four noble truths for theravada
1.) Dukkha- Suffering. Human pain is everywhere, its constant suffering and its everywhere all the time
2.)Tanha-Our suffering is caused by our attachment to our ego. We are always wanted something. Our suffering is caused by our own desire
3.)Nirvana- extinction of the self. Get rid of the illusion that there is a self to be attached to.
4.)Marga- The Eightfold Path
32 books, divided into 3 sections, known as the Three Baskets
There is suffering _____?
But no sufferer
Teachings of the Buddha
separate moving energys. Reality itself
Six Categories of Belief for Theravada
Nature of Reality-
Dynamic becoming of energies; impermanence
Gods- Irrelevant, dont think of gods as anything special and they havent achieved enlightment
Humanity- Anatman (but a real aggregation of energies). no caste system (anyone can attain enlightenment)
Natural World- Real energies, but impermanent and insubstantial
Afterlife- Cycle of rebirths of energies
Purpose of life - Nirvana- extinction of the illusion of the self. Achieve knowledge of the anatman
How do you get to ultimate goal in Mahayana Buddhism
Meditation and devotion
Highest ideal, beyond all forms of grasping. A compassionate being who resolves to bring others to liberation
6 categories of belief for Mahayana
1.) Nature of Reality-
Buddha- Nature-an eternal absolute reality, pure compassion. This is all that is real- only reality
2.) Gods-1.Polytheistic 2. the buddha is divine (he is god), an embodiment of the absolute reality
3.) Humanity- 1.Only Buddha Nature is real. 2. Everything else is apparent (illusory) nature
4.) Natural world- Illusion only
5.) Afterlife- 1.Reincarnation 2.nirvana as an eternal existence
6.) Purpose of life (salvation)- Nirvana (selflessness and compassion) as exemplified in the bodhisttva (self-sacrifice for others)
Awakened one, those who successfully break the hold of ignorance and liberate themselves from cyclic existence, teach others
Reality. Everything is this
Instead of karma- every form or process is caused by the process right before it
enlightened but dont teach others
Liberation from the cyclic existence
"Perfection of Wisdom"
Oldest Mahayana literature
The buddhist community
4 noble truths for Mahayana
3.Nirvana- extinction of anything else other than Buddha Nature
4. Path- meditation and devotion