Admiral Chester Nimitz
admiral of the US Marines.
Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku
Japanese naval officer who understood that Japan needed to take Australia to break American supply.
Battle of the Coral Sea
1942 - 1st battle between carriers (U.S. vs. Japanese).
system that Nimitz uses to read Japanese plans of attack on Midway.
Battle of Midway
biggest naval battle. American victory, decisive. Japanese lose most trained forces. Destroyed major resources and ruined Japanese plan to a short shocking war. Attack Japanese with bombers, and destroyed 3 Japanese carriers. Japanese retreat.
Battle of Guadalcanal
fight over control of the airfields in Samal islands. Japanese withdraw from the island.
General Harukichi Hyakutake
forces the Japanese fleet to withdraw from the island as a form of strategy. Began island hopping.
term used to refer to small movements through islands. Made providing supply dangerous. Left no space to withdraw, so made the battles reach their end. Provided horrible weather for the soldiers.
islands that Nimitz and McArthur take in order to advance through to Japan.
American bomber that could fly thousands of miles. Used to bomb the Japanese.
Great Asia Conference of 1943
heads of Asian countries come together. Japan declares that all East Asia would cooperate, respect, and exchange cultures. Promises to get rid of racism. Allowed Japan to abuse the resources in these countries.
The Burma-Thailand railroad
Japanese use enslavement for resource production and exhaust Burma/Thailand to build their railroad. 1/2 die from exhaustion.
sex slavery of Korean women to serve for the pleasure of Japanese men. Mostly Korean girls.
leader Unit 731 of the medical experiments carried out by the Japanese.
covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation
Bataan Death March
forced march of 90,000 to 100,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines. Humiliation of the Allies.
General Homma Masaharu
Japanese army general who played role in Bataan Death March.
Battle of Saipan
successful U.S.-led Allied invasion and capture of Saipan island. Showed the suicide mentality of the Japanese, spreading terror. Massive suicide ever. Meant that US could reach Japan through air.