Practical end of chapter reviews

30 terms by jennifershirley

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epiphysis

contains spongy bone

epiphyseal line

made of compact bone & growth plate remnant

red marrow cavity

site of blood cell formation

endosteum & periosteum

major submembranous site of osteoclasts

diaphysis

scientific term for bone shaft

medullary cavity & yellow marrow

contains fat in adult bone

periosteum

major submembranous site of osteoblasts

concentric lamellae

layers of bony matrix around a central canal

lacunae

site of osteocytes

central canal

longitudinal canal carrying blood vessels, lymphatics and nerves

canaliculi

minute canals connecting osteocytes of an osteon

matrix

inorganic salts deposited in organic ground substance

elastic

suports the external ear

elastic

the epiglottis

elastic

most springy and flexible

fibrocartilage

between the vertebrae

fibrocartilage

meniscus in the knee joint

fibrocartilage

most effective at resisting compression

hyaline

forms the walls of the voice box (larynx)

hyaline

articular cartilages

hyaline

connects the rib to sternum

hyaline

most abundant

function of organic matrix in bone

provide flexability and strength

Name the important organic bone components

cells, collagen fibers, ground substances, protoglycans

baking removes blank from bone

water

soaking bones in acid removes

calcium salts

What salt forms the bulk of inorganic material

calcium salt

What are the functions of calcium salt

provide hardness, strength, resist compression

Epiphyseal face

cartilage cells resting and inactive, right below this the cartilage cells are rapidly reproducing

diaphyseal face

chondocytes are dying, matrix calcifing, cartilage being reeplaced by bone

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