Chapter 7 - Integumentary

76 terms by mizfit1968 

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Pressure ulcer

decubitus ulcer

Boil

elevated abcess around a hair follicle (inflamed and sore)

Hematoma

collection of blood under the skin

Hypertrophy

increase in size or enlargement

Whitlow

herpes simplex infection

Dermatitis

any disease that includes inflammation or infection of the skin

Tinea

fungus infection

Herpes

skin infection caused by the herpes infection

Sebum

oil that coats and protects the hair

Botox Injections

procedure that injects Botox into the muscle to release deep wrinkles

Petechiae

pinpoint hemorrhages from ruptured capillaries

Alopecia

acute or chronic hair loss

Jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous or eyes

Dermatome

specific area on the skin that sends information to the spinal cord

Senile Lentigo

light to dark brown macules with irregular shapes

Sudoriferous

the sweat glands

Urticaria

raised areas of redness (hives)

Extravasation

when blood flows into surrounding tissue

Hives

caused by allergic reactions - raised areas of redness aka urticaria

Eczema

over production of sebum combined with dry patches of skin

Anhidrosis

congenital absence of sweat glands

Rhytidectomy

aka facelift - removal of wrinkle and loose skin

Debridement

procedure to remove dead tissue from a burn or wound

Diaphoresis

profuse sweating

Pruritis

itching

Neoplasm

any benign or malignant new growth on the skin

Hirsutism

excessive dark hair on the forearms or lips of a woman

Male Pattern Baldness

when a mans hair thins and disappears on the scalp

Malignant Melanoma

skin cancer

Keloids

firm abnormally large scars that are bigger than the original wound

Nails

ungual

Xeroderma

dry skin

Layers of the skin

Epidermis/Dermis/Subcutaneous Tissue

Ung/o-

nail

Onych/o-

nail

Pediculosis

lice

Macule

flat circular lesion ie age spot or freckle

Papule

solid, elevated lesion ie pimple

Vesicle

solid, elevated lesion with clear fluid ie chicken pox

Wheal

Elevated lesion containing clear fluid ie mosquito bite

Erythema

reddish discoloration of the skin

Vitiligo

autoimmune disorder where melanocytes are slowly destroyed

Bullae

fluid filled blisters (very large)

Cellulitis

inflammation of the connective issue skin and muscle

Melanoma

black tumor

Verrucae

irregular rough skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus

Scleroderma

autoimmune disorder that caused the skin to harden

Furuncle

elevated absess around a hair follicle

Papilloma

soft fleshy growth that protrudes outward

Kaposis Sarcoma

skin cancer beginning in the connective tissue

Eschar

thick, crusty scar pf dead tissue forming on a 3rd degree burn

Allograft

skin graft form a cadaver

Xenograft

dermis from a pig

Autograft

graft from the patients own skin

Contus/-

bruising

Cut/i-

skin

Scler/o-

hard; sclera

Blephar/o-

eyelid

Cyan/o-

blue

Necr/o-

dead cells, tissue or body

Rhytid/o-

wrinkle

Integument/o-

skin

Psor/o-

itching

Ungu/o-

nail

Melan/o-

black

Ertythmat/o-

redness

C&S

culture and sensitivity

I&D

Incision and drainage

-ose

full of

-cyte

cell

Epi-

upon; above

Sub-

below; underneath

Nevus

colored pigmentation of the skin ie mole

Lunula

the whitish half moon under the proximal nail plate

Layers of the nail

nail plate, nail root, nail bed

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