Why do we know so little about primitive tribes?
Because of the absence of written records
How have anthropologists discovered what they know about primitive tribes?
artifacts, drawings in caves, and visited with primitive tribes still in existence
Describe a popular theory of how theatre started
re-enactment. Tribes would re enact to tell the story to the others that didn't go hunting.
What did primitive people use for costumes?
Why did they begin to act out a hunt before it occurred?
they believed it would make magic that would help bring them to success.
What is a ritual?
something performed repeatedly in exactly the same way
Why did theater become a ritual to ancient tribesmen?
They repeated this performance before every hunt
How many people oversaw the rituals?
What were people who oversaw rituals called?
What was the Shaman's position in the tribe?
Why was it difficult to seperate theater and religion in any primitive civilizations?
theatrical performances were an important part of almost all religious ceremonies.
What did greek theater originally celebrate?
Dionsyus- religious festivals
How many people attended the yearly festivals honoring Dionsyus?
Who is known as the first actor?
How did Greek actors change roles?
they wore masks
Who wrote Greek tragedies?
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides
Who wrote Greek comedies?
Aristophanes and Menander
What type of plays made fun of Greek legends?
Who was the first known literary critic?
What book did Aristotle write about the theater of his time?
Where did Greeks build their theaters?
on hill sides
In Greek drama, what was the function of the orchestra?
members of the chorus moved as they chanted their lines
What was the skene?
a small building where actors changed masks
What is the three names of the period following the fall of the Roman Empire?
mid-evil ages, dark ages, middle ages
Why was theater outlawed for a time?
the church thought it was vulgar and evil
Who were the only performers in the mid-evil era?
In what institution was theater reborn?
What was a trope?
a short biblical scene
What was a set of tropes performed together known as?
Why were tropes originally presented?
they were a valuable way to tell the stories of the bible
To whom did the clergy turn production of scenes over? why?
members of the craft-guild; it was too time consuming
What was the function of pageant wagons?
they resembled floats in todays parades.
What types of plays were becoming popular by the end of the Middle Ages?
secular/non religious plays
What town was the birthplace of William Shakespeare?
What was the father's occupation?
glove maker, served as alderman and mayor
What was the name of Shakespeare's wife?
What was the name of Shakespeare's son?
What is the name given to the time between when Shakespeare left his home town and later appeared in London
His lost years
What year did Shakespeare first appear in records in London?
What was the name of Shakespeare's troupe?
Lord Chamberlain's men
What name did they use under the reign of King James I?
The King's Company
What was the name of Shakespeare's open air theatre?
How many plays did Shakespeare write>
What river runs through London?
What was the name of Shakespeare's indoor theater?
Where was Shakespeare buried?
the crypt of the Holy Trinity in Stratford
In what year did Shakespeare and his partners build the Globe?
What was the name of the London suburb in which they built the Globe?
What river was near the Globe?
How did London citizens know which theaters would be giving performances?
raised flag on a flagpole
What did they call the audience members who stood in the pit?
What type of roof did the Globe have?
What did the owners of the globe cut into the floor of the main stage?
a trap door
What was the name given to the roof over the stage area?
What was the name of the room in the back of the main balcony?
What was the name of the room in the back of the main stage?
What was located above and on both sides of the main stage?
What was used to indictate that a scene was taking place in a forest?
a couple of tree branches