Conde ch. 3-4.2

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118 terms · OK so I know there is already a set for ch 3 but i am making this off of his notes on his website and what he said in my class (4th period). I'm sorry a lot of the stuff is out of order btw

Jamestown

2 early English colonies failed, but ______ survived partly because of individual effort and hard work

Spanish Armada

After the defeat of this, England was free to colonize North America

Richard Hakluyt

___________ _________ urges England to start colonies

export, raw, Protestant

Colonies would provide: market for English ______, source of ___ materials, establish _____ faith in Americas

economic, religious persecution, freedom

English colonists go to America b/c: to seek ______ opportunity, escape _______ ________ and achieve religious _______ (for themselves)

Raleigh

Sir Walter ______ begins colony on Roanoke island, Virginia

England

Native Americans cut off Roanoke settlers' food supply, so settlers return to ______

disappeared

at the second Roanoke colony, the colonists _______, never found out what happened

Sagadahoc

_______ colony faces hardship (1607) so return to england

Raleigh

Sir Walter ______ is the only one to invest money in Roanoke, so when it fails, he loses his investment

frontier techniques

colonists lack _______ ________, so have difficulty surviving

wealth, profit

Roanoke fails because colonies must create own ______ instead of exploiting country/natives, and the wealth of no one man was enough for the colony to survive to the point where it would produce ____

joint-stock compnay

To raise money for colonies, turn to _____-____ _______, which is backed by investors, who split profits and losses. Make Virginia company of London, Virginia Company of Pymouth

charter

Virginia company is given ______, so finances expedition to Chesapeake Bay

religious, social, economic

Hakluyt's reasons for wanting England to start colonies: _____, so they can convert people to Protestant. _______, because enclosure of farm fields for shep herding and influx of American gold causes food prices to rise but wages stay the same. _______, need for outlets for capitol, and need raw material

capitol

enough money to buy more supplies for colony

Jamestown

chespapeake Bay expedition starts _______, and settlers face disease and harsh weather

gold

Jamestown settlers told they would find ____, so they waste time searching

food

The colonists don't think they'll be staying in Jamestown, they just want to find gold and leave, but they waste time searching instead of focusing on _____

decayed, paupers, Native Americans

Over half of Jamestown colonists die b/c of the inadequecy of settlers- some were ______ gentlemen, and others were urban ________. Inefficient management by bickering council memebers, and b/c of this, no food/supllies are grown, so tehy have to take from the ________ _________, who become hostile

company, gold

Another reason Jamestown settlers died was because the settlers had to work for the ______, not for them selves. This reduces incentive, so settlers start looking for ___ so they can leave

John Smith, Powhatan, disorganized

____ ____ comes to Jamestown. Although he has no frontier techniques, he has experience and assigns responsibilities. also trades with _______ tribe. He goes back and then returns and finds that barely any of the colonists survived b/c once he left they became ______ again

Warr, tobacco

Lord De La _____ imposes discipline, and the settlers start growing _______

tobacco, private, indentured servants, Burgesses

reasons for Jamestown success: 1. Start growing stable crop, _______. 2. transition to _______ ownership. 3. Have growing labor supply- _______ ______. 4. Governing council goes to House of __________

fees/tax, James, royal colony

The disolution of virginia company: 2 reasons: 1. conflict over ___/___ duties. 2. Becomes weakened b/c of death rate, caused by inexperience and weak defense against Native Americans. King _____ I seizes colony and it becomes a _____ ______

Rolfe, Pocahontas

Relations with Powhatan grow worse bcause settlers take land, so to improve relations John _____ marries the chief;s daughter, _________

25, resent

__% of white men in English colonies are indentured srvants, and they _____ wealthy landowners

land

The problem was that when indentured servants became free there was no ____ for them

Rolfe, Pocahontas

to make better the relations with Powhatan, John _____ marries ______

25, wealthy

__% of white men in English colonies are indentured servants and they resent ______ landowners

Bacon, Berkely

Nathaniel ____, who is wealthy, accuses governor William _____ of favoring wealthy

Native Americans

Bacon wants to start war against ______ ______ to get more land

Jamestown, Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon burns Jamestown, this is ________ ___________

governor, power

Bacon and followers are killed, and House of Burgesses make new laws to prevent _____ from taking too much ___

republic

Bacon's Rebellion brought House of Burgesses closer to being a ______

Pilgrims, Separatists

_______ were _______ who were persecuted so they left the church of England and sailed to America

Mayflower Compact, self, majority, Squatter's Agreement

Pilgrims write ________ ______, says that they will obey rules, and establishes idea of ___ government and _______ rule. AKA ________ ________

Religion

_____ plays a large role in settlement aand government of New England colonies

Pawtuxet, treaty, terminated

Pilgrims befriend Squanto, a ______, and Samoset. Sets up _____ between colonists and Native Americans. After Squanto dies, this is ______

Massachusetts Bay Colony

In __________ ____ __________, if you are not a Puritan, your rights and voice are suppressed.

Great Migration

This movement of puritans is called the _____ _______

commonwealth

First governor of MBC John Winthrop sets up ___________

congregation, town

basic unit of commonwealth is ________. This sets up own _____, and each of these has form of self-government

New England way, read

Puritans follow "__ _______ ___": ____ ethic helps growth of colonies, and all children are required to learn to ____

Thomas Hooker, Connecticut, representative

________ _____ adopts Fundamental Orders of _______: extends voting rights to non-church members, limits governor power, expands idea of ________ government

Portsmouth

______ is first European settlement in new Hampshire

Williams, intolerance, Rhode Island

Roger _______, minister in Salem, publishes "Bloody Tenent of Persecution", indicates that MBC has religious ________. He is forced to leave the colony, and founds _____ ______ AKA Rogue Island

Hutchinson

Anne ______ believes you can worship without church, Bible

Quakers

_____ believe everyone has an Inner Light, and that all people are equal

Philip, individuals, everyone

King ____ was actually a Native American named Metacomet. To Europeans, land is owned by _______. To Native Americans, land is owned by ______.

King Philip's

_____ ______ War: war between Puritans and Native Americans. Native Americans lose, forced to become workers and English settle farther into Native American lands

scapegoats

Salem witch trials show how society makes _____ out of people

tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo

South has good soil and cash crops are ________, ____, _____, _____

harbors, subsistence

New England has ______ but bad soil. Are _______ farmers

wheat

Middle Colonies produce this crop, which helped in Civil War

Catholics

Dutch are ok with religious freedom, but no ________

Hudson

Dutch found New Netherland, includes _____ River Valley, Long Island, land along Delaware River.

patroon

Dutch have ______ system. Each one of these brings 50 people, get land grant. Africans (slaves/indentured servants), Jews, Puritans come

Sweden

New England governor Peter Stuyvesant attack New _____, wants to add land to New Netherland, place they attack surrenders

York, trade, geographically

Duke of ____ is supposed to drive Dutch out of New Netherland because Dutch colonies threaten England's _____, and Dutch colonies _______ divide English colonies

proprietary

New Netherland surrenders to England and Duke of York makes it into ______ colony

New Jersey, representative

Duke of York gives __ _____ to friends/ Promise settlers religious freedom, land grants, _______ assembly

Penn, Pennsylvania

William ____ joins Quakers and from a previous debt from king, receives large piece of land, turns it into ________ for Quakers

Three Lower Counties

____ _____ ________ join together and form Delaware

tobacco, rice, indigo

southern colonies- Maryland, the Carolinas, Georgia and Virginia, grow _______, ____, ______

indigo

"blue gold"

Catholics

Lord Baltimore establishes Maryland for Roman _______

Toleration Act

Maryland has __________ ___; promise of freedom of religion. Passed this because Protestant were becoming the majority population

Virginia and Maryland

Which 2 colonies' economies were based on tobacco?

royal colony

Maryland eventually becomes a _____ ______ because Lord Baltimore has difficulty holding on to it

George Calvert

Who was Lord Baltimore?

rice, indigo, African

Carolina grows ____ and ______ and uses _______ slave labor because rice requires hard labor

Charles Town

First Carolina settlement

proprietary

colonists overthrow Carolina's _______ rule and it becomes a royal colony. It divides into North and South Carolina

slaves

Hlaf of South Carolina's population is ______, since they grow rice, which is hard work

Philanthropist

Georgia was a ______ colony. People have money, so tehy help debtors

debtors

Georgia was founded to help ______ get a fresh start

Spain, English

During English-Spanish war, ____ tries to oust out _____ colonies but fails. Georgia was used as a buffer against Spanish

Oglethorpe

James ________ founds Georgia, and all religions welcome. His strict rules upset colonists, so King makes it a royal colony

port

Savannah, Georgia was important because it was a ____

slaves, rum, Catholics

Oglethorpe outlawed ______, ___, _________

New England, Middle, Southern

There are 3 regions: ___ ______ colonies, ______ colonies, ________ colonies

Backcountry

_________- region along Appalachian Mountains

cold, rocky, English

New England- ____ weather, _____ soil, mostly ______ settlers

short, fertile, Europe

Middle Colonies- ____ winters, _______ soil, settlers from all over ______

warm, good, African

Southern colonies- ____ climate, ____ soil, use enslaved ________ labor

vary, Scots

Backcountry- climate and resources _____, many _____-Irish

churches, theocracy, landowners

MBC gives land to ______, and they start a congregation. Town becomes ______. People who vote are _________

subsistence

Short growing season causes New Englanders to do __________ farming

Fishing, lumber

_______ is the main economic activity in New England. For ships, they harvest ______

Coastal

_______ cities like Salem, Boston, New Haven, Newport grow rich

other, Europe, triangular

New England has 3 types of trade: with _____ colonies, direct exchange of goods with ______, and the _______ trade

Africa, Indies, molasses

Trianggular trade has 3 stops: In ______, trade goods for slaves, in West _____, trade slaves for sugar and ______. Take sugar and _______ (same as blank before this) back o New England

Navigation, ships, ports,

England passes _______ Acts to get $ from colonial trade. use English _____, or this made in English colonies. Sell products only to England and it's colonies. European imports to colonies must pass through English _____. English officials tax colonial goods that aren't being shipped to England

resources

for England, colonies were for _______

trade, smuggling

b/c of toleration acts, England has a _____ war, and people start ________

jobs

Indentured servants don't come to the colonies anymore because now there are ____ in England

German, Middle

Dutch and _____ farmers bring farming techniques to ______ colonies

gristmill

Place where grain is ground up to make meal and flour

grain

colonists in Middle colonies have a lot of ______ in their diet

women, slavery

Quakers believe men and ______ are equal, have them as preachers. Quakers also protest ______

7

what % of middle colonies population is enslaved?

artisans

in NYC, who do Africans assist?

plantation

the South was ideal for ______ crops

overseers

People who watch over slaves while they work

Magna Carta

in 1215, King John is forced to accept _____ ______ (Great Charter). Grants rights to English noblemen/freemen

property, witnesses, peers

One of the rules of the Magna Carta was that people cannot have ______ seized by the king or his officials. In most cases, you cannot be taxed unless the council agrees. You cannot be put on trial without ______, and can only be punished by jury of _____

Parliament

England's chief lawmaking body

Commons

members of house of ______ are elected by the people

Lords

members of House of _____ are nonelected

colonial

England has authority over _____ governments

Glorious Revolution

What was it called when King James is overthrown by Parliament, and William and Mary take over the throne?

Cromwell

Who led the Glorious Revolution? Oliver ______

Rights

William and Mary uphold the English Bill of ______

Parliament, punishment, complain

The English bill of Rights says that: monarch cannot cancel laws. monarch cannot impose taxes unless _______ agrees. There are free elections, frequent meetings of Parliament. Excessive fines and cruel ________ forbidden. People can ________ to monarch without being arrested

desires

William and Mary establish government based on law, not ______ of ruler

Massachusetts, power, Salutary Neglect

After Glorious Revolution, __________ regains self government, but still have a king-appointed royal governor. Governor, his council, colonial assembly share _____. Royal governor can strike down laws, but if he does, then assembly might refuse to pay him. England has little involvement in colonial affairs- _______ ________. Governors rarely enforce certain laws, so colonists feel independent.

Zenger, press

John Peter ______ helps colonists move towards freedom of ____

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