central coutyard in the middle of a house, open to sky, with a pool or cistern fed by rainwater
formed by precisely cut, wedge-shaped stone blocks. displaces most of the weight downwards.
constructed in the same way as a round arch. outward pressure from curving sides requires buttressing within or outside supporting walls.
wedge shaped stone blocks that made up round arches
row of circular panels framing an arch
alternated with roundels. rectangular column like uprights
raised platform that acts as the foundation for a building, or as a platform for a speaker
a longitudinal timber at the apex of a roof that supports the upper ends of the rafters
vertical element found on both sides of an opening in a wall, and supporting an arch or lintel
a masonry support made up of many stones, or rubble and concrete, often square or rectangular in plan, and capable of carrying very heavy architectural loads
added support to an arch from adjacent masonry elements
the top center voussoir that locks arch together
an arch is held in place by wooden scaffolding until the keystone is in place and the mortar between stones is dry
a block, serving to concentrate the weight above, imposed between the capital of a column and the springing of an arch above
wall areas adjacent to the curves of the arch
succession of arches, carried by columns or piers, supporting a common wall or lintel.
the space encompassed by each arch and its supports
two barrel-vaulted spaces intersect each other at the same level
a round vault, usually over a circular space. consists of a curved masonry vault of shapes and cross sections.
wall that is raided on top of a main structure
circular opening left at top of a drum
the study of significance and interpretation of the subject matter of art
a variation of doric characterized by a smooth-surfaced column shaft with a base, a plain architrave and an undecorated frieze.
combination of Ionic volutes placed on the diagonal of all four corners and Corinthian acanthus foliage
block found below the base of a Classical column serving to raise the entire element off the ground
slab-like base or pedestal of a column, statue, wall, building or pieces of furniture
uppermost section of Classical entablature. more generally, a horizontally projecting element found at the top of a building wall or pedestal.
stone coffin. often rectangular and decorated with reliefs