US History Chapter 4 Test (Vocabulary)

Created by beccalh 

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To help study the vocabulary of the test on chapter 4! Hope this helps! :)

chinampas

farm plots built by digging ditches in the lakeshore to channel the water and then piling up the fertile mud into raised beds

conquistadors

Spanish conquerers who are searching mostly for gold in the Americas

creoles

people born in the Americas from Spanish parents (2nd social class- had wealth and education)

encomienda

an idea/system where the king gave favored Spaniards a right to labor a certain number of Indians

mercantalism

an economic idea where a nation becomes strong by filling its treasury with gold and silver

mestizos

people part Spanish and part Indian (lower social class- could not own land but worked on farms, ranches, and in cities)

peninsulares

people born in Spain (top social class-highest government and church positions)

quipu

cords tied with knotted strings of difference colors (number system)

Sapa Inca

the supreme ruler of the Incas

tribute

forced payment

Yo el Rey

Spanish for "I, the king."

prestidios

military forts built to protect the missions

Latinos

a race of intermarried Spaniards, Indians, and Africans

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