Functions of the Digestive System

11 terms by 19maryelizabeth97

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mouth

where digestion begins; with the tongue and teeth is mechanical digestion; saliva beings chemical digestion

salivary glands

release enzymes to chemically break down food

esophagus

tube from mouth to stomach; uses muscles to push food from one area to next

stomach

muscular organ where the food is mixed in acid bath

liver

filters toxins from the blood and makes bile (digests fat)

gallbladder

stores and releases bile into small intestine

pancreas

leaf shape; makes enzymes and releases them into the small intestine; breaks down lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates

small intestine

uses enzymes and bile to break and release nutrients which pass out of membrane into blood stream; waste-large intestine

large intestine

waste is stored in rectum; water is re-absorbed into body

rectum

stores waste

anus

releases waste

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