Name the 5 kingdoms o fliving things.
plants, animals, fungi, protists,& bacteria (moneran)
Which kingdom has a nucleus surrounded by a membrane?
Which kingdom lives off of dead or decaying organisms?
Which kingdom is the tiniest living thing?
Which kingdom has slime- mold is an example of this?
Whick kingdom has mushrooms as an example?
Which kingdom has this which helps cows to digest grass?
Which kingdom is classified as vascular or non-vascular?
Which kingdom is classified by wheter or not they have a backbone?
Which kingdom have something single-celled without a nucleus?
Which kingdom has algea as an example of this?
Which part of the cell is the control center?
Which part of the cell stores food, water, & wastes?
Which part of the cell holds the cell together?
Which part of the cell contains chlorophyll?
Which part of a root is the outermost layer of a root, stem, or leaf?
Which part of a root has threadlike parts of cells on the surface of a root?
Which part of a root is a layer just inside the epidermis of roots & stems-it stores food?
Which part of a root contains tissue through which food from the leaves moves DOWN through a plant?
Which part of a root is a layer that separates the xylem from the phloem- this is where new xylem & phloem grow?
Which part of a root has tissue through which water and minerals flow UP through the plant?
Which part of a root has a thin covering made up of cells-it protects the root tip as it grows into the soil?
Which type of root has one large root with a few hairy branching roots?
Which type of root is made up of only thin hair branching out
Which type of roots never touch the ground and take in moisture from the air?
Which type of roots grow like fingers out of the bottom of the stem?
A carrot is an example of a
Rye & grass are examples of
Orchids are examples of
Corn plants are examples of
Which type of leaf comes in clusters?
Which type of leaf comes as a single leaf?
What part of a leaf connects it to a branch?
What part of a leaf carries water & minerals to the leaf and food away from the leaf?
What is the main part of the leaf?
What is the outermost layer of a leaf called?
What is the largest known living thing?
an underground fungus
Plant cells contain a green substance called WHAT?
Because of chlorophyll, green plants can use WHAT to make food?
the Sun's energy
All living things are made up of WHAT?
Plant cells have rigid WHAT to support them?
Cells in plant stems, roots, & branches form tubes for transpoorting WHAT & WHAT?
food & water
Groups of cells are organized into WHAT?
The science of finding patterns among living things is called WHAT?
Why were early systems for classifying plants were based on characteristics people could see easily?
because there were no microscopes or other complex instruments in those days
Aristotle classified plants into 3 groups based on WHAT?
Scientists today divide plants into 2 large groups based on WHAT GOES INSIDE THE PLANTS, not WHAT?
size or appearance
Plants with tubelike tissues that carry food and water are classified as what kind of plants?
Plants that don't have plant tissue through which water and food move are classified as what kind of plants?
An oak is an example of what type of leaf?
A tree is an example of what type of plant?
Mosses are examples of what type of plant?
Members of the plant kongdom all share common WHAT?
Scientists divided vascular plants into what 2 groups?
seedless plants & plants with seeds
Scientists divide the plant kingdom into smaller groups called WHAT?
Name 2 major factors that make animals different from plants.
1-unlike plants,animals cannot make their own food & 2-animals can move from one place to another during some parts of their lives
The animal kingdom is divied into smaller groups called WHAT?
phyla (phylum =singular)
How does a fungus differ from green plants?
A fungus does not make its own food as plants do or eat food as animals do. (Instead it absorbs/takes in food from decaying dead organisms & wastes in its environment.)
What are the common characteristics of members of the protist kingdom?
a dense, dark structure, called a nucleus inside each cell. The nucleus is surrounded by a thin envelope called a membrane.
A microsopic organism consisting of one cell without a nucleus is a _____________.
What is the nickname for kudzu?
What does "Foot a Night Vine" refer to?
kudzu which can grow that much each day- it can spread out over 18 meters (60 feet) in a single summer and choke the life out of other weaker plants
Foods such as beets & carrrots are the ___________of different plants.
Name 3 main ways roots help plants survive.
1-roots help keep plants from getting swept away by wind and running water 2- roots draw up water and minerals from the soil (so plants can make food) 3-roots store food for the plant (ex: potato,sugar beet, &carrot plants)
A layer of tough cells that protect the growing tip of the root is called the ________ ________.
One large thick root with a few hairy branching roots is a _____________.
Grasses and similar plants have thin, hairy _____________ _________; roots made up of only thin hairy branching roots.
Why do plants with fibrous roots thrive in dry regions?
because they collect water where there is little rain that only soaks into the very top layer of soil
________ _________,like those of a corn plant,grow like fingers out of the bottom of the stem.
What roots never touch the ground, they take moisture from the air?
Water & minerals pass through the roots CORTEX and move upward in the XYLEM to all parts of the plant, whils food flows downward in the ______________.
Plant stems support the _________ &____________.
leaves & flowers
The transportation system in plant stems has 3 basic parts.what are they?
1-xylem, 2-phloem, 3-cambium
What does the xylem do?
moves water and minerals up from the roots
What does the phloem do?
moves food from the plant's leaves to its other parts
What is the cambium?
a layer of cells (that separates the two)
Besides providing support and transportation, some plant stems are strong storage places for ________&_______.
food (like potatoes & sugarcane) and water (like cactus plants)
The leaves of a maple tree, which hang singly,are _________ leaves
What are leaves that grow in clusters called?
The epidermis secretes a waxy coating called the ________, which keeps water inside the leaf.
The food-making structures inside leaf cells are ____________.
What 4 things do chloroplasts need to make food?
Air comes through tiny pores in the bottomof the leaves called ___________.
What is the purpose of a broad, flat green surface leaf?
it helps "capture" the sunlight the plant needs to make its food
What is the purpose of the cactus spines?
they protect the plant
What is the purpose of the Venus's-flytrap leaves?
they are colorful insect traps that snap shut when an insect flies inside
When water evaporates from the leaves, more water moves up through the plant to replace the lost water in a process called ____________.
Some orchids in tropical forests have _________, which dangle high in the air.
Name the 4 parts of an ANIMAL cell.
Name the 6 parts of a PLANT cell.
1-nucleus,2-mitochondrion,3-vacuole,4-chloroplast,5-cell membrane,6-cell wall