Holton English 8: Short Story Terminology

18 terms by kstar10101

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Atmosphere

the general mood, feeling or spirit of the story generated by the setting and affected by the choice of words and subject matter

characterization

the means through which the author gives life to the characters; the creation of imaginary persons so that they seem lifelike. characterization is achieved through explanation, description, behavior, dialogue, thoughts, motivations, and responses.

antagonist

the person, place, idea of physical force opposing the protagonist.

Climax

the point of highest dramatic intensity; the turning point in the action, after which the reader discovers whether the main character succeeds or fails in his or her struggle.

conflict

the struggle between two opposing forces the main characters problem

foreshadowing

clues or hints which prepare the reader for future action or evens. often hints are given the the atmosphere, physical objects, facts, or character traits which are revealed.

irony

contrast, contradiction, or discrepancy between what is expected and what results. the term refers to a recognition of really different form appearance.

Plot

the action of a story, the arrangement and sequence of related events.

Point of view

the angle from which the author tells the story; the author's and therefore, the readers' perspective on the story

first-person narrative

the narrator uses "I" and participates in the action of the story

chronological

places events in order of time form first to last

flashback

looks back at events which have already occurred.

third person narrative

the narrator uses "he" and "she" and is an outside observer of the story.

Resolution

events following in the climax; the outcome; the aftermath

setting

background against which action takes place, including location, time and environment--social, moral, and emotional conditions- of the characters.

Suspense

anticipation as to the outcome of events, particularly as it may affect the character for whom the reader has sympathy; questions about a situation which leads to curiosity or tension about the outcome.

Symbol

an object, action, person, place, or some other detail which also stands for something abstract and means mort than what it is

theme

a central idea, usually about life or human behavior, on which the story is based. theme is inferred from the story and is rarely stated in a story

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