Dictators H Unit 4

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Fascism/Communism

Abolition of _______ in land and application of all ____ of land to public purposes.

property, rents

A heavy progressive or graduated _______ ____

income tax

Abolition of all ______ of ___________

right, inheritance

Confiscation of the ________ of all emigrants and rebels.

property

Centralization of _____ in the hands of the ______ by means of a national ______ with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.

credit, State, bank

Centralization of the means of ____________ and transport in the hands of the State

communication

Extension of ________ and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of ____-_____, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a ______ plan

factories, waste-lands, common

Equal liability of all to _____. Establishment of industrial _____, especially for agriculture.

labor, armies

Combination of agriculture with manufacturing _______; gradual abolition of the distinction between ____ and ______, by a more equitable distribution of the population over the country.

industries, town and country

Free _______ for all children in public schools. Abolition of children's factory _____ in its present form. Combination of education with industrial ________.

education, labor, production

"History is driven by _____ _______."

class struggle

communism is (supposed to be) a classless system with an ______ share based on _____

equal, needs

Marx thought it would occur under a _______ revolt

proletariat

Socialism

a theory of system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole

Socialism (in Marxist theory)

the stage in between capitalism and communism, characterized by the imperfect implementation of collectivist principles.

(ideal) Communism

a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

(actual) communism

a system in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party

Industrial Revolution (before 1850) was created by...

a big gap between the rich and the poor

Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Industrial Revolution?
a) low wages
b) long hours (up to 16 a day)
c) rights and protection of workers
d) no influence over legislative process

C

Communist Manifesto was published in _____ and written by

1848; Karl Marx and Frederick Engels

"Stealing the Thunder" theory was by

Bismarck

the Stealing the Thunder policy was a policy towards ______ in Germany

socialists

Which of the following was not proposed in Bismarck's stealing the thunder policy?
a) insurance paid by employers
b) longer working hours
c) paid holidays from work
d) pensions for disabled
e) retirement plan

B

What was an effect of the Stealing the Thunder policy?

Other countries followed and gave workers voting rights in addition to benefits. It also took away from the communist revolution and made Marx's ideas less appealing

Social Democrats strive to become ______ ______ and use _______ means to bring about the change without a _______

legal parties; political; revolution

Revolutionaries continue to press workers to stand up against _____ and _______ injustice. They openly called for____ against capitalism and want a __________

social; economic; war; revolution

What was the first communist state?

Russia

In November 1917 there was a Revolution that was not mostly led by

workers (proletariat)

The leaders of the November Revolution's demands were about _____ and ____, NOT class struggle

food; war

in the New Economic Plan, ________ ________ was allowed, which was against ideal communism

private property

The November Revolution created a dictatorship of _________, which was not voluntary like ideal communism

proletariat

Communism in the Soviet Union forced people to change, which was not _______

voluntary

The ideal communism's idea that there is no need for __________ was exchanged for MORE in Russia

government

The ideal Communism idea of Worldwide ________ was replaced by Revolution in ________

Revolution; Russia

As the totalitarian state rose, there was _ party in the government

1

In the constitution, there was a line that stated that countries like Poland and Czechoslovakia would always have a ________ __________ with USSR

friendly relationship

There were no limits to the dictator's power: he could _____ the constitution, etc.

adapt

The USSR government had ______ control of ____ aspects of its citizen's lives

total; all

The USSR government offered ____ education and _______, as well as no ______, but offered a lower ______ as well

free, healthcare, taxes, salary

Eastern Europe was forced into communism after _____ by the ______

WWII, USSR

by _____ all of Eastern Europe is communist

1939

T or F: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was NOT brought about by revolution.

T

The people's Republic of China was brought about by __________

revolution

By 1961, _____ was a socialist state

Cuba

In 1945, the ______ was the only communist state

USSR

North Vietnam became communist in _____

1954

T or F: Castro was always communist

F (he was an anti-imperialist at first)

Today, China has adopted ________ economically, though it is still politically communist

capitalism

Cuba is unchanged today but struggling due to a lack of _____

allies

What are some Social Democracies today?

Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, France, Germany

Fascism

A political philosophy, movement, or regime (as of that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.

What are some known Fascist governments

Italy, Germany and Spain

Mussolini becomes Prime Minister in _____ and dissolves Parliament and all democratic bodies by _____

1922, 1938

Mussolini begins to fix ______ and ______

economy, corruption

the Black Shirts are symbolism for...

the older Roman Days

Mussolini glorifies the ______ and builds a new ______

military, empire

In Italy, war was a means for ______

empire

Italy's idea of fascism was extreme ______, with _____ over ____

nationalism, nation, race

Why was the Reichstag important in Hitler's rise to power?

It allowed him to establish the Enabling Acts to take away the citizen's civil liberties

In Germany, war was means for _______

lebensraum (living space)

Hitler eliminated _______ in Germany

unemployment

In Germany, _____ IS the ______

Race, nation

Before the Civil War in Spain, there was a ______ ________

liberal democracy

Spain becomes a fascist state in _____

1938

Franco built his nation on strong ________

nationalism

Spain had no aspiration for starting outside ____, which is a big difference from other Fascist states

wars

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