Language of Medicine- Chapter 13- Abbreviations

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Ab

antibody

ABMT

autologous bone marrow transplantation- patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells

ABO

four main blood types- A, B, AB, and O

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

AML

acute myelogenous leukemia

ANC

absolute neutrophil count- this is the total WBC times a measure of the number of neutrophils present in the blood; a normal ____ is about 1500 cells

ASCT

autologous stem cell transplantation

bands

immature white blood cells (granulocytes)

baso

basophils

BMT

bone marrow transplantation

CBC

complete blood count

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CML

chronic myelogenous leukemia

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation- bleeding disorder marked by reduction in blood clotting factors due to their use and depletion for intravascular clotting

diff

differential count (white blood cells)

EBV

epstein-barr virus; cause of mononucleosis

eos

eosinophils

EPO

erythropoietin

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

G-CSF

granulocyte colony- stimulating factor- promotes neutrophil production

GM-CSF

granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor- promotes myeloid progenitor cells with differentiation to granulocytes

g/dL

gram per deciliter

GVHD

graft-versus-host disease- immune reaction of donor's cells to recipient's tissue

HCL

hairy cell leukemia- abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in bone marrow, leading to anemia, thrombocytopenia, neturopenia, and infection

Hct

hematocrit

Hgb, HGB

hemoglobin

H and H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

HLA

human leukocyte antigen

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins

lymphs

lymphocytes

MCH

mean corpuscular hemoglobin- average amount of hemoglobin per cell

MCHC

mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration- average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red blood cell; when _____ is low, the cell is hypochronic

MCV

mean corpuscular volume- average volume or size of a single red blood cell; when____ is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic

mm cubed

cubic millimeter- one millionth of a liter

mono

monocyte

polys, PMNs, PMNLs

polymorphonuclear leukocytes; neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils

PT

prothrombin time

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

RBC

red blood cell; red blood cell count

sed rate

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

segs

segmented, mature white blood cells (neutrophils)

SMAC

sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer- an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum

µL

microliter- on millionth of a liter

WBC

white blood cell; white blood cell count

WNL

within normal limits

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