History AP Chapter 24 Flashcards

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Chapter 24 Flashcards for History AP

Lusitania

American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI

The taking of the Canal Zone

Roosevelt wanted a route that stretched form the Atlantic to the Pacific through Central America, so they did this by building the Panama Canal

Open Door Policy

A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force

Sussex Pledge

A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.

"Dollar Diplomacy"

Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by gaurenteeing loans to foreign countries

League of Nations

an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations

Pancho Villa

Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923) Did many good things, but killed a lot of people. Wanted to take money from the rich and give it to the poor.

Zimmerman Telegram

March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.

William Jennings Bryan

United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)

Hay Herran Convention

gave us 99 year lease on canal zone, US pay columbia 10 mill and pay rent

Herbert Hoover

president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn't want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.

Eugene V Debs

Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.

Hay-Pauncefort Treaty

1901 Britain consented to this which gave US a free hand to build the canal and conceded rights to fortify it
-Britain occupied with South African Boer War

Bolshevik

a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party

Sedition Act

Made it a crime to criticize the government or government officials. Opponents claimed that it violated citizens' rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, gauranteed by the First Amednment.

Espionage Act

This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.

14 Points

Woodrow Wilson's peace plan, set out before war ended, helped bring it to and end because it helped Germans look forward to peace and be willing to surrender, was easy on the germans punishment for war. Points included: poeple all over the world are to determine their own fate, (self-determination)no colonial powers grabbing nations, free trade, no secret pacts, freedom of the seas, arms reduction, creation of world orginization/League of Nations.

Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty

1903 agreement between panama and us that gave us a 99 year lease to build a canal on a ten mile ide strip of land across panama isthmas

George Creel

head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.

CPI

a self-report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI

WIB

The War Industry Board created by Bernard Baruch. It can fix prices, require conversion of nonessential industry to war time production, and control conservation - must standardize the product

Bernard Baruch

He headed the War Industries Board which placed the control of industries into the hands of the federal government. It was a prime example of War Socialism. Economic advisor to the United States presidents

Pacifists

people who refuse to fight in any war because they believe war is evil

Taft-Katsura Agreement

The US and Japan pledged to maintain the Open Door principles in China, Japan recognized US control over the Philippines, and the USgranted a Japanese protectorate over Korea.

Victoriano Huerta

He was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico who was also leader of the violent revolution that took place in 1913. His rise to power caused many Mexicans to cross the border as well as angering the United States who saw him as a dictator.

John J Pershing

Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace

Franz Ferdinand

archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist group called the Black Hand; his death was a main cause for World War I

American Union Against Militarism

formed in 1916; a group created to protest US entry into WWI; attracted membership from many prominent progressive figures; pressured Wilson to continue pursuing his path of peace instead of involving the US in the war

Filibuster

a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes

Trench Warfare

war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas

Liberty Bonds

Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.

Treaty of Versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

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