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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. carbons
  2. T cells
  3. sensitive
  4. nine
  5. wild type
  1. a the BCG vaccine is not very effective because the ... disease is not protective, and the infection process is very immunologically complex because the infection hides in the immune system and hijacks immunologic responses
  2. b the PPD test is not ... is just about 20% and is really bad in immunocompromised, very young, and very old
  3. c the mycolic acid lipis in mycobacteria cell walls have 70 to 90 ... while our human lipid membranes usually have 16 or so ....
  4. d ... are immune cells that go through cell signaling and cytokine activation. Are the cells that are depleted by HIV infection
  5. e for TB treatment in child less than 5, use isoniazid for LTBI and active infection for ... months!

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. if a person has a postive PPD or IGRA, but chest x-ray and clinical exam/history are normal have a ... TB infection, but are not contagious
  2. the ... mycoplasma bacteria settle in the alveolus, and will eventually get into the macrophage where it can replicate in peace, and will eventually invade the lymph nodes with the aid of the infected macrophage
  3. globally see a lot of ... patients also being diagnosed with active TB
  4. in the U.S. .... infects 2 million people, 25,000 will become sick and 2000 will die
  5. ... mycobacteria infection can occur with the ingestion of contaiminated food or water, inoculation, into wound/surgery, inhalation

5 True/False Questions

  1. PPD or IGRArepeat .... boost the immune response, they do not create false positives

          

  2. photochromogens... produce carotenoids when exposed to light and will produce a bright orange or yellow color

          

  3. vaccinethe M. bovis BCG ... is protective against leproxy

          

  4. mycobacteria... can also be classified on whether or not they are
    1. photochromogens (orange with light)
    2. scotochromogens (always orange)
    3. nonchromogens (stay buff color)
    (as well as by temperature growth optimum, and growth times

          

  5. cardiogenicthe mycolic acid lipis in mycobacteria cell walls have 70 to 90 ... while our human lipid membranes usually have 16 or so ....

          

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