5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What is an antioxidant and what foods are high in antioxidants?
- Define ATP. Differentiate between ATP-CP system, Anaerobic and Aerobic system.
- What are the five categories in the process of willful change?
- Does BMI measure body composition?
- Be familiar with the other behavior change theories
- a The most accepted the models are learning theories, the problem-solving model, social cognitive theory, relapse preventative model, and the transtheoretical model.
- b Adenosine triphosphate is a high-energy chemical compound that the body uses for immediate energy. ATP - CP (Creatine Phosphate) is stored by the body in small amounts and used during all our activities such as sprinting, long jumping and weightlifting. Anaerobic - maximal - intensity exercise that is sustained between 10 - 180 seconds. Aerobic - production of energy during slow - sustained exercise.
- c Compounds such as vitamin C and E, beta-carotene, and selenium that prevents oxygen from combining with other substances in the body to form harmful compounds. It could be found in fruits and vegetables.
- d Stopping in negative behavior, preventing relapse of the negative behavior, developing a positive behavior, strengthening positive behavior and maintaining positive behavior.
- e Yes, BMI incorporates a right and weight to estimate critical fat values on which the risk for disease increases however it does not provide an estimate of percent body fat.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The US Surgeon General has stated that poor health as a result of the lack of physical activity is a serious public health problem. Lack of physical activity can lead to chronic diseases such as heart disease, type II diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and osteoporotic fractures.
- Methods of procedures used during each process of change. For example, following dinner, people with a weight problem often cannot resist constant snacking during the rest of the evening until its time to retire for the night.
- Chronic conditions related to a lack of physical activity such as hypertension, heart disease, chronic lower back pain, and obesity.
- Vitamin A is required for healthy bones, teeth, and skin and is found in eggs, liver yellow and dark green fruits and vegetables. Vitamin D is necessary for bones and teeth and for calcium and phosphorus absorption and can be found in fortified milk, cod liver oil, egg yolks. Vitamin C protects against infections and can be found in fruits and vegetables. Folic acid is needed for cell growth and reproduction and for red blood cell formation and it can be found in leafy green vegetables, cereals and dried beans.
- 1. higher maximal oxygen uptake 2. increase in oxygen carrying capacity of blood 3. Decrease in resting heart rate 4. Lower heart rate at given workloads 5. Increase in the number and size of mitochondria 6. Increases in the number of functional capillaries 7. Ability to recover rapidly 8. Lowers blood pressure and blood lipids 9. And increases - burning enzymes
5 True/False Questions
What is an internal and external locus of control? → Motivation is the desire to do something and locus of control is a concept examining the extent to which a person believes he or she can influence the external environment.
Be familiar with the tests to estimate Vo2 max. → Bench jumps, modified push-ups (women), modified dips (man), bent leg curl up, abdominal crunches (see page 218 for additional exercises)
What percentage of the diet should come from carbohydrate, protein and fat? → Lack of core values, procrastination, precondition cultural beliefs, gratification, risk complacency, complexity, indifference and helplessness, rationalization and illusions of invincibility
Define motivation and locus of control. → Internal control is people who believe that they have control of events in their life. External control is when a person believes that a certain result happen cause of chance or the environment and is unrelated to their behavior.
Define health → An acronym to describe the standard treatment procedure for acute sports injuries; rest, ice (cold application) compression and elevation