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The high natural fertility of the colonial population

Led to the increase of American population to 1/3 of England's in 1775

The heavy immigration of Germans, Scots-Irish, Africans, and others into the colonies

Resulted in the development of a colonial "melting pot," only 1/2 English by 1775

Large profits made by merchants as military suppliers for wars

Increased the wealthy of the 18th-century colonial elite

American merchants' search for non-British markets

Was met by British attempts, such as the Molasses Act, to restrict colonial trade

Dry over-intellectualism and loss of religious commitment

Created the conditions for the Great Awakening to erupt in the early 18th century

The Great Awakening

Stimulated more emotional styles of religion and greater intercolonial unity

The Zenger Case

Marked the beginnings of freedom of printed political expression in the colonies

The appointment of unpopular or incompetent royal governors to colonies

Prompted colonial assemblies to withhold royal governors' salaries

Upper-class fear of "democratic excesses" by poor whites

Was reflected in property qualifications for voting

The lack of artistic concerns, cultural tradition, and leisure in the colonies

Caused the migration of colonial artists to England to study and pursue artistic careers

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