Chapter 34: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War 1933-1941 - Documents

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Platt Amendment

allowed America to freely intervene with Cuba, repealed in 1934 after the Seventh Pan-American Conference

Roosevelt Corollary

corollary to the Monroe Doctrine by Theodore Roosevelt that allowed the U.S. to intervene and oversee Latin American - European affairs, repealed at the Seventh Pan-American Conference

Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act of 1934

designed to lift American export trade from the depression doldrums, aimed at relief and recovery, activated the low-tariff policies of the New Dealers, provided that the the other country involved was willing to respond with similar reductions (based on the idea that trade is a two-way street - Hull)

Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act of 1930

brought the U.S. tariff to the highest protective level in history, amended in the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act of 1934

Rome-Berlin Axis

alliance between Nazi Hitler and Fascist Mussolini

Treaty of Versailles

resented by Germany, Italy, and Japan for being "ungenerous"

Washington Naval Treaty

naval disarmament of the five signers, terminated by Japan in 1934

Tripartite Pact

alliance between Japan, Germany, and Italy

Johnson Debt Default Act of 1934

prevented debt-dodging nations from borrowing further in the United States

Neutrality Acts of 1935-1937

stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war, certain restrictions would automatically go into effect - no American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, sell or transport munitions to a belligerent, or make loans to a belligerent

Hitler-Stalin pact

nonaggression treaty between the Soviet Union and Hitler, made German invasion on Poland easier

Neutrality Act of 1939

European democracies might buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry basis"; improved American moral and economic position

Destroyer Deal of 1940

the U.S. traded 50 old-model destroyers left over from WWI to Britain in return for eight valuable defensive base sites, stretching from Newfoundland to South America

Lend-Lease Bill

lending/leasing American arms to reeling democracies provided that they be returned later; basically a stray from neutrality, which Hitler realized and began attacking U.S. ships

Atlantic Charter

eight-points, no territorial changes contrary to the wishes of the inhabitants (self-determination), right of people to choose their own form of government, declared for disarmament ad a peace of security (a new League of Nations)

Hitler-Stalin pact

nonaggression treaty between the Soviet Union and Hitler, made German invasion on Poland easier

Neutrality Act of 1939

European democracies might buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry basis"; improved American moral and economic position

Destroyer Deal of 1940

the U.S. traded 50 old-model destroyers left over from WWI to Britain in return for eight valuable defensive base sites, stretching from Newfoundland to South America

Lend-Lease Bill

lending/leasing American arms to reeling democracies provided that they be returned later; basically a stray from neutrality, which Hitler realized and began attacking U.S. ships

Atlantic Charter

eight-points, no territorial changes contrary to the wishes of the inhabitants (self-determination), right of people to choose their own form of government, declared for disarmament ad a peace of security (a new League of Nations)

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