Biomech Lecture #3

16 terms by daperl

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Monoarticulate

crosses 1 articulation

Biarticulate

crosses 2 articulations

Synergist

anything that aids in the motion

Agonist

prime mover

Antagonist

opposes prime mover

Synergy

working together towards common cause

2 fiber types

parallel and pennate

ex. of monoarticulate muscle (4)

latissimus dorsi, teres major, ant-middle deltoid

ex. of biarticulate muscle (2)

biceps brachialis, pronator teres

Total muscle load is greater in sets of _____ muscles when compared to ______ muscles

biarticular, monoarticular

_____ muscles require more energy to perform the same work

biarticular

_____ arrangements allow specific muscles to perform work at joint that they do not cross

biarticular

_____ muscles function as joint stabilizers

biarticular

Muscular insufficiency (2 aspects)

active and passive

Active

muscle cannot produce enough tension to cause the full ROM to be achieved

Passive

muscle cannot be stretched enough to provide full ROM

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