Musculoskeletal Termninology

Created by Yessenia-ZL 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Myodema

A rising lump caused by the wasting of muscle tissue.

Myalgia

Muscle pain.

Myoma

A tumor containing muscle tissue

Myorrhapy

Suture of the muscle

Myoplasty

Surgical repair of a muscle

Myorrhexis

Rupture of a muscle.

Myonecrosis

Death of muscle tissue.

Myopathy

Muscle disease.

Kinesiology

The branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement

Dyskinesia

Abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements

Hyperkinesia

Excessive movement (overactive)

Kinesiotherapy

Treatment by movement or excerise

Spastic paralysis

Stiff and awkward muscle control caused by a central nervous system disorder.

Spastic gait

When walking appears stiff and toes appear to catch and drag.

Paraplegia

Paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of both arms and both legs

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of one side of the body

Fascitis

Inflammation of a fascia.

Fasciotomy

A surgical incision through the fascia to relieve tension or pressure

Fasciectomy

Surgical removal of fascia

Tenalgia/Tenodynia

Tendon Pain

Tendonitis/Tenditis

Inflammation of the tendons.

Chondroplasty

Surgical repair of cartilage.

Chrondritis

Inflammation of cartilage.

Osteocrhondritis

Inflammation of bone cartilage.

Chrondrectomy

Surgical removal of cartilage.

Chondralagia/Chrondrodynia

Cartilage pain.

Chondropathy

Cartilage disease.

Periosteum

Thin membrane that covers a bone.

Osteocyte

Mature bone cells.

Osteoblast

A bone-forming cell.

Osteogenesis

Bone formation.

Osteoporosis

A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily.

Osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of bones.

Osteoma

Tumor of the bone

Osteonecrosis

Death of bone tissue.

Multiple myeloma

Tumors of the bone marrow

Myelocele

Hernia of a spinal cord.

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture of a joint for removal of fluid.

Athritis

Inflammation of the joints.

Arthralgia

Joint pain.

Arthredema

Swelling of a joint.

Arthrosclerosis

Stiffness of the joints.

Arthroscope

Instrument used to examine the interior of a joint.

Tarsals

Ankle Bones

Metatarsals

bones of the foot between ankle and toes

Tarsalgia

Pain in the ankle.

Orthopedics

The branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints

Cephalgia/Cephalodynia

Head pain; headache.

Craniomalacia

Softening of the skull.

Laminectomy

Surgical removal of the bony arches on one or more vertebrae.

Cervicodynia

Pain in the neck

Lumbago

Lower back pain

Sacralgia/Sacrodynia

Pain in the sacra

Costalgia/Costodynia

Pain in the ribs

Open fracture

Bone fracture that breaks through the skin.

Closed fracture

Bone fracture that does not break through the skin

Greenstick fracture

A partial fracture, in which only one side of the bone is broken

Transverse fracture

Complete fracture that is straight across the bone at right angles to the long axis of the bone

Spiral fracture

A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart

Comminuted

Bone breaks into many fragments

Bursae

Sacs of synovial fluid that are located outside of the joint

Bursitis

Inflammation of a bursa.

Bursectomy

Surgical removal of a bursa

Bursotomy

Surgical incision of a bursa

Synovium

The membrane lining the inside of moveable joints.

Synovial

Relating to or secreting synovia

Synovitis

Inflammation of a synovial membrane

Synovectomy

Surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint

Ankylosis

Abnormal condition of stiffness

Metacarpals

Hand Bones

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Painful, inflammatory condition that affects the carpal or wrist portion of the median nerve. Often associated with repetitive actions such as typing. Can be caused by physical trauma or hereditary conditions that inflame tendons around the nerve, disrupting hand function and resulting in numbness and pain.

Chiropractic

System of therapy that consists of manipulation of the vertebral column

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set