King of Britain that reinforced Anglo-American conflicts; wanted to enforce policies, but wasn't able to well
Proclamation of 1763
Act passed by England prohibiting colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
1763 - An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottowa chief. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when the chief was killed.
restricted colonists from printing their own money and instead using "hard" money (gold and silver)
A dispute (in the 1750s) that arose when the king arbitrarily decided to pay ministers in money rather than in tobacco after the value of tobacco rose; England made a joke of this dispute
(1764) British deeply in debt partl to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Writs of Assistance
legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled
Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization formed after the passage of the Stamp Act to protest various British acts; organization used poth peaceful and violent means of protest
Stamp Act Congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn't tax without colonist' consent
A group of delegates selected from different colonies
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
created by delegates from nine colonies, set forth view of British power in colonies. Parliament didn't have right to tax colonists without their legislative consent and demanded repeal of Stamp and Sugar Acts
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.
These were vigilante groups active in the 1760s and 1770s in the western parts of North and South Carolina. They violently protested high taxes and insufficient representation in the colonial legislature.
march 5, 1770 a group of colonists prevoked a group of british soldiers in boston, they opened fire, killing five, john adams served as the attorney for the soldiers. paul revere drew a famous cartoon about the insident
Act passed by parlement apposing duties on colonial tea, lead, paint and paper, a law by the British Parliament which states the colonists had to pay a tax on products such as lead, glass, tea, paper and paints
Committee of Correspondance
Groups of citizens who rode back and forth between colonies to solve problems
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
laws passed by England in 1774 to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soilders in their own homes.
first continental congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Declared that the colonies need not obey the 1773 Coercive Acts, since they infringed upon basic liberties
In 1774, the First Continental Congress called for the boycott of British goods and the stopping of exports to England. This organization was created to enforce these measures. Local committees were established to enforce the provisions of the association.
party that favored a national bank, protective tariffs and eventually the abolition of slavery
a person who supported the British cause in the American Revolution; a loyalist
second continental congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
olive branch petition
An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll
American commander-in-chief; first president, set precedents for future presidents, put down Whiskey Rebellion (enforced Whiskey Tax), managed first presidential cabinet, carefully used power of executive to avoid monarchial style rule
a battle that took place on the strategic point of Breed's Hill. British victory on account of the depletion of American supplies. yet gave them confidence- It pushed Americans towards a final decision for war.
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
Declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
3rd President of the United States
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
the American army during the American Revolution
Marquis de la fayette
He was a French military officer who was a key general during both the French and American Revolutionary wars. He volunteered his services.
Baron Von Steuben
A stern, Prussian drillmaster that taught American soldiers during the Revolutionary War how to successfully fight the British.
German soldiers who fought for the British
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
Sir William Howe
British commander, mistakes cost Britain War, he abandoned his battle plan, allowed Washington to regroup, didn't attack at Valley Forge, some believed that he sympathized with colonists and didn't want to win the war
Battle of Trenton
The Americans surprised the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner; the Americans won.
General John Burgoyne
British general appointed by King George III to crush the rebel forces; 1777, subordinate of Howe, lead invading force down Hudson from Canada to Alabany; was present at the Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Yorktown
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Sir henry clinton
He replaced Howe in 1778, and then decided to move his army back to NY, and order Cornwallis to return to Yorktown after a bad defeat. Washington trapped him and he surrendered
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America
John Paul Jones
Naval Hero, hit and run raider
"legalized pirates," more than a thousand strong, who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping
American General who replaced Gates as the leader of the continentals in the south
General in the American Revolution who defeated the British in the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina (1736-1802)
Battle of Cowpens
An overwhelming victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.
patriot who specialized in guerilla war fare. Atangonized the british during the rev. war with 2 other guys. Ft. sumter named after him. From south Carolina. Nicknamed Carolina gamecock. Became member of congress later. Born in viriginia. Most known for driving Cornwallis out of the Carolinas into Virginia.
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops
Peace of Paris
This ended the revolutionary war. The result was the acquisition of all land east of the Mississippi plus Canada for Britain, and the removal of the French from mainland North America.