Freud's theory is also called ____ theory.
In Freud's theory, the part of the mind that seeks to satisfy instinctual drives by seeking immediate gratification with no concern for logical, social, or moral constraints.
In Freud's theory, the part of the mind that is concerned with what is "right" or moral (and that generates feelings of guilt whenever the id makes us do an immoral or socially inappropriate thing).
In Freud's theory, the part of the mind that seeks to satisfy the id in ways that are consistent with reality and with the demands of the superego.
According to Freud, personality is determined by the interaction and ____ among id, ego, and superego.
According to Freud, a healthy personality requires ____ among the id, ego, and superego.
If the ego cannot resolve anxiety through rational, problem-solving methods, it resorts to ____ ____.
An unconscious psychological strategy that protects a person from painful emotions such as anxiety and guilt.
A defense mechanism by which ideas, feelings, or memories that are too painful to deal with on a conscious level are banished to the unconscious level.
A defense mechanism in which an individual unconsciously substitutes self-justifying explanations for the real reasons for their behavior.
A defense mechanism in which unacceptable impulses are unconsciously replaced with their opposite.
In psychoanalytic theory, children are thought to progress through stages of ____ development, with the focus of sexual gratification shifting at each stage.
Freud thought that a person's personality was largely determined by what happened during each ____ of psychosexual development.
Arrested development that results from too little or too much gratification (at a particular psychosexual stage).
During the ____ ____ of psychosexual development, the id focuses on getting pleasure via the mouth.
Too little or too much gratification during the oral stage would result in an ____ ____.
During the ____ ____ of psychosexual development, the id focuses on getting gratification via the anal area.
When an individual has a bad experience with toilet training (during the "anal stage" of development), that individual may end up being obsessively concerned with cleanliness and orderliness. Such a person would be referred to as ____ ____.
During the ____ ____ of psychosexual development, the id focuses on getting gratification via the genitals; the individual develops an Oedipus complex.
The complex of emotions aroused in a young child by an unconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite sex
Regarding the Oedipus complex, boys want to sexually possess their mother and kill their father. This results in ____ ____.
Boy's fear that father will cut off sex organs.
Regarding the Oedipus complex, girls want to sexually possess their mother. This results in ____ ____.
In both boys and girls, the Oedipus complex leads the child to ____ the same-sex parent, so that they can possess a person of the opposite sex (in boys) or possess a penis (in girls).
Although research has supported some phenomena described by Freud (e.g., some defense mechanisms), there is little or no evidence to support Freud's ____ for why these phenomena occur.
True or false: The existence of Freud's Oedipus complex is well-supported by modern, scientific research.
One of the things that makes Freud's theory less scientific is that many parts of his theory are hard to phrase in terms of ____ definitions.
One of the things that makes Freud's theory less scientific is that it is not able to predict future behavior; that is, his explanations of personality are usually done ____.
Latin for "after this" or "after the fact."